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International Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Dosimetry Project

International Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Dosimetry Project

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Published by: BioElectricShield on Mar 04, 2010
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 The International Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Dosimetry Project was initiated at a NATOAdvanced Research Workshop on Radio Frequency Radiation Dosimetry in Slovenia in 1998.The mission of the project is to promote and develop high quality EMF dosimetry for theassessment of human exposure and for in vitro and in vivo experimental systems. The intentionis to create an internationally accepted Dosimetry Handbook which will be a living andsubstantially on-line document with integrated software tools and guides for dosimetrymeasurements and calculations. The primary benefactor of this project would be the publichealth,
via
assurance of the quality and transportability of human and experimental data; theability to acquire robust scientific information is dependent upon accurate and precise dosimetry.The previous versions of the handbook, dealing mainly with CW signals, have provided thedosimetric bases of human and experimental RF studies as well as current exposure guidelines.The use of telecommunications technologies, particularly those incorporating pulse-modulated(and in the future ultrawideband) signals, has become more common since the last version of thehandbook was published (in 1986). Dosimetry specific to such systems will be a major topic forthe International EMF Dosimetry Handbook. The major improvements in computationaldosimetry in the last 15 years also indicate that a new Handbook is due.MCL hosts the Handbook's website and co-ordinates the work of the leading internationalEMF/RF dosimetry experts who will contribute to the writing of the Handbook. Many of theseexperts attended the Slovenia meeting and have already agreed to participate in the Project if support can be found for its management and administration. Such support has been provided bythe UK DTI.
 
Project aims and objectives
1.
 
Develop a plan to update and expand 4th edition of the Radiofrequency RadiationDosimetry Handbook: The last edition of the Radiofrequency Radiation Handbook waspublished in 1986. Advances in technologies have enhanced the capability to measureand predict energy absorption during exposures to RF electromagnetic fields. Also, theglobal reach of the Internet make it possible for the next version of the document to bewidely available in an enhanced electronic form in addition to a traditional paper version.2.
 
Recruit international scientists and engineers to serve as project leaders and contributorsto the new handbook: Understanding energy absorption during exposure toelectromagnetic fields requires a team approach. Physicists, engineers, biologists,physiologists, and health physicists will be recruited to write the chapters essential for anintegrated Dosimetry Handbook. As an open document, contributions from many sourcesare welcomed, but its structure and validity will be ensured by the project leaders.3.
 
Establish an Internet presence for International EMF Dosimetry project: By employing anopen international forum, the Internet, the project should proceed more rapidly, at lesscost, with the results accepted internationally.4.
 
Develop an open copyright statement that will allow authors of text and software to retainthe copyright to their contributions: this approach will encourage the development of anew handbook that could continually evolve with developing technologies. The ability toretain an open source copyright would encourage software contributions.5.
 
Develop working relationships with potential dosimetry user societies, including: HealthPhysics Society, International Labour Organisation, WHO and ICNIRP as well as UKnational bodies: The new dosimetry handbook will address the professional needs of individuals responsible for protecting public and occupational health. The new handbookwill be user-friendly from an introductory level up to an advanced research level.
Keywords:
EMF, dosimetry handbook, online, international, software
 
Background
During the past 20 to 30 years, society has become more dependent upon the use of technologiesincorporating electromagnetic fields, and particularly telecommunications. These new and usefultechnologies have been embraced by the public but it has become increasingly important to beable to measure the emitted fields accurately and predict the amount of energy absorbed bybiological tissue and cell cultures. Such issues were the impetus behind the development of theoriginal Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry Handbooks (1976, 1978, 1980, 1986).The original handbooks were written at a level that was easy to comprehend by the noviceresearcher and their contents have withstood the test-of-time. Specific absorption rate (SAR)values predicted by more recent computational approaches are in many instances quitecomparable to those presented in the most recent dosimetry handbook. More than 2000hardcopies of the Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry Handbook have been distributed and it isone of the cornerstone publications in bioelectromagnetics research.Over the past few years, the explosive increased use in wireless communication devices hasresulted in a flurry of meetings to develop or revise exposure standards. The ability to measure orpredict energy absorption during exposure to radiofrequency EMFs is the basis of thesestandards. Recent advances in technologies utilised in dosimetry measurements permit bettermapping of EMF absorption, and assessment of the biological responses to EMF exposure.Increased computer power permits the prediction of localised SAR values at higher resolutions.Reports produced by respected committees, such as the Independent Expert Group on MobilePhones, highlight the importance of scientific replication of experimental results. Suchreplications are possible only when accurate dosimetry has been conducted in the original report.One of the primary goals of the Dosimetry Handbook has been to provide instruction in suchmethodology. Accurate experimental dosimetry in conjunction with well-replicated experimentswill provide the best possible scientific evidence on which to base public health policy.The new applications of EMF technologies and the marked improvements in computationaldosimetry since 1986 will require substantial additions to the Dosimetry Handbook. To be usefulfrom an introductory level up to the advanced research level, the new dosimetry handbook mustbe user friendly and maintain the high quality of scientific data reported in the four previousversions. The content will be expanded to the entire frequency range used for communicationsand elated applications and will reflect the tremendous advances in computational and analyticaldosimetry since 1986. The new handbook will include data for researchers conducting
in vivo
or
in vitro
experiments, epidemiologists, electrical engineering professionals, medical professionals,and those involved in compliance testing and establishing exposure standards.Development of the handbook will employ the Internet as an open international forum.Technologies such as hypertext markup language (HTML), World Wide Web (WWW), virtualreality markup language (VRML), and JAVA TM will be incorporated to permit sharing of ideasand results on an international basis. This aspect of the new Handbook would allow it to be usedas an on-line resource by researchers: standard, verified dosimetric models of animals orcomputational model of exposure facilities could be accessed remotely, removing the need fordedicated dosimetric effort whilst ensuring good quality dosimetry. As an international group,

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