Power LED – efficiency and reliabilityhttp://dev.emcelettronica.com/print/517872 din 401.05.2008 15:53
The other fundamental points are the drive current and the junction temperatures. The latter,in particular, is difficult to measure, but an estimate can be obtained through the followingformula:
Tg = Tpcb + Rth • Pled • (1 –
Where:Tg is the junction temperature,Tpcb is the temperature of the printed circuits measured as closely as possible to the LEDRth is the heat resistance,Pled is the power absorbed by the LED, and
represents the quantum efficiency of the LED.With quantum efficiency, the quantity of electrical energy provided by the LED, which istransformed into light that therefore doesn’t produce heat, is taken into account. Thisparameter, until a short time ago, was overlooked from the point that its value wasapproximately 10%. With the latest generation of LED, with increased optics efficiency, thisparameter can reach values of 20% - 30% and can, therefore, be decisive in this evaluation.Determining the value of the quantum efficiency can be particularly complex and laboriousbut Future Lighting Solutions features a calculation tool - the Usable Light Tool - on itswebsite www.futurelightingsolutions.com
, under the “development tools” link, that facilitatesthe task. This tool allows for the verification of the true efficiency of an LED installed in anapplication, taking all of the parameters and the interaction between them into consideration,as shown in figure 1.
It is one of the most interesting parameters for the lighting market and, in terms of high powerLEDs, can be wrongly judged. This comes from the fact that these LEDs, driven at 350mA,are, for simplicity, considered from 1W, but it is not so. The real power is equal to 350mAmultiplied by the direct tension of the LED. The latter changes significantly between familiesof LED of the same or different builders and can pass from 3.15V to 3.6V with a difference of15% parity of flow emitted; certainly differences not to be ignored. The Usable Light Toolconsiders all of these aspects, providing an accurate estimate of the work parameters of the