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The Role of the Teacher in Cognitive

The Role of the Teacher in Cognitive

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Published by Andy Pierce
The role of the teacher in cognitive development – scaffolding Helping learners get to the top of a problem By far Bruner’s most influential work for teachers was on the concept of ‘scaffolding’ – the teacher actively helping and encouraging the learner to get to the top of a problem. There are various ways that the teacher might do this throughout a teaching and learning activity. • Underpinning the learner’s knowledge by linking to real life experiences • Presenting the learner with problems –
The role of the teacher in cognitive development – scaffolding Helping learners get to the top of a problem By far Bruner’s most influential work for teachers was on the concept of ‘scaffolding’ – the teacher actively helping and encouraging the learner to get to the top of a problem. There are various ways that the teacher might do this throughout a teaching and learning activity. • Underpinning the learner’s knowledge by linking to real life experiences • Presenting the learner with problems –

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Published by: Andy Pierce on Mar 04, 2010
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01/07/2013

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 The role of the teacher in cognitive development –scaffoldingHelping learners get to the top of a problemBy far Bruner’s most influential work for teachers was onthe concept of ‘scaffolding’ – the teacher actively helpingand encouraging the learner to get to the top of aproblem. There are various ways that the teacher mightdo this throughout a teaching and learning activity.
Underpinning the learner’s knowledge by linking toreal life experiences
Presenting the learner with problems – What wouldhappen if?
Confirming the learner’s existing knowledge(assimilation)
Challenging existing knowledge (accommodation)
Using open questions to encourage thoughtprocesses
Using pictorial/ diagrammatical images
Developing physical skills (or movements)
Creating readiness to learn
Feedback
Giving different options for representingunderstanding symbolically.(These scaffolding strategies are not in any particularorder and some could be used alongside each other) Your task:
Consider an element from a course or module youteach.
Consider a task which would encourage discoverylearning with your students.
Use the handout to consider the role of the teacherwithin the discovery learning
Which elements of scaffolding are useful to you andwhich are not?

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