Shien Ransel F. Villaruel
must get interested in this issue since the National Election Day is fast approaching; again, we areface with the confronting question, “Does our Government Govern the Way They Ought to?”The subject of governance is tackled by political activists & theorists, scholars, and those considered ‘great’
of the century under one branch of Philosophy: the
the relationship of individuals and communities to thestate. It includes
about justice, the good,law, property, and the rights and obligations of the citizen.But before either the one or the other can be done, it is absolutely necessary to define the term, to fix the precise meaning of the word in question. Unless this is done, men may dispute to the end of the world withoutcoming to any good conclusion. This is one great cause of the numberless altercations which have been on thesubject. Very few of the disputants thought of this; of defining the word they were disputing about. The naturalconsequence was, they were just as far from an agreement at the end as at the beginning.I believe that good governance happen under favorable situation where the following ingredients are present:[
I. What do we mean by the term, “Good Governance”: What is it?
Recently the terms "governance" and "good governance" are being increasingly used indevelopment literature. Bad governance is being increasingly regarded as one of the rootcauses of all evil within our societies. Major donors and international financial institutionsare increasingly basing their aid and loans on the condition that reforms which ensure"good governance" are undertaken.The following article, from the website of
, tries to explain, assimply as possible, what "governance" and "good governance" means.
The concept of "governance" is not new. It is as old as human civilization. Simply put"governance" means: the process of decision-making and the process by which decisionsare implemented (or not implemented). Governance can be used in several contexts suchas corporate governance, international governance, national governance and localgovernance.
is an indeterminate term used indevelopmentliterature to describe how publicinstitutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources in order to guarantee the realization of human rights.
Governancedescribes "the process of decision-making and the process by whichdecisions are implemented (or not implemented)".
can apply to corporate,international, national, local governance
or to the interactions between other sectors of society.The concept of "good governance" often emerges as a model to compare ineffective economies or political bodies with viable economies and political bodies.
Because the most "successful" governmentsin the contemporary world areliberal democratic states concentrated in Europe and the Americas, those
*United Nations ESCAP