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Rome,Venice and Naples.

Rome,Venice and Naples.

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Published by Ariza
information gathered from different sources.
information gathered from different sources.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Ariza on Mar 06, 2010
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-Thecapitalof Italyand the country's largest and most populated municipality (central area).-It was the capital city of theRoman Kingdom, theRoman Republicand theRoman  Empire, which was a major political and cultural influence in the lands bordering theMediterranean Seafor over four hundred years from the 1st Century BC until the 4th CenturyAD.-The third-most-visited tourist destination in theEuropean Union, and its historic centre islisted by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.-LANGUAGE: Latin (originally), English (being used today)-CURRENCY: Euro
-DEMONYM: Romans-Ethnic groups- As of 2006, 92.63% of the population wereItalian,either born in Rome or coming from other cities in the country. The largest ethnic minority groups came from other European countries (mostly fromRomaniaand Poland): 3.14%,East Asia(mostlyFilipino): 1.28%, and theAmericas(mostly fromArgentina
): 1.09%.-RELIGION: predominantly Roman Catholic.Places of Interest:
-originally the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin:
 Amphitheatrum Flavium
 Anfiteatro Flavio
), is an ellipticalamphitheatrein the center of the city of Rome,Italy, the largest ever built in theRoman Empire.-Built about 1900 years ago, it was able to allow seating about 50,000 people.-It is considered one of the greatest works oRoman architectureandRoman engineering.
(FromGreek : Πάνθεον, meaning "Every god").-Is a building inRome,built byMarcus Agrippaas atempleto all the gods of Ancient  Rome, and rebuilt byEmperor Hadrianin about 126 AD. -The generic term
may be applied to any building in which illustrious dead arehonored or buried.-The building is circular with a porticoof three ranks of huge granite Corinthian columns(eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment opening into therotunda,under a coffered,concretedome, with a central opening (oculus
) to the sky.
3.Fontana di Trevi
(Trevi Fountain)-The fountain was built by the architect Salvi (1735) in the time of Clement XII, anddecorated by several artists of Bernini's school. It is the front of a large palace (Palazzo Poli)decorated with statues and bas-reliefs on heaps of rocks.-The fountain is not only celebrated for its excellent water but for the legend that whoevedrinks it or throws a coin in the fountain, will assure his return to Rome.
4.Trajans Column
Colonna Traiana
)-Located inTrajan's Forum, built near theQuirinal Hill, north of theRoman Forum.
-The structure is about 30 meters (98 ft) in height, 38 meters (125 ft) including its large pedestal.-Raised in honour of theRomanemperor Trajanand probably constructed under the supervision of the architectApollodorus of Damascusat the order of theRoman Senate.
5.Arch of Constantine
 Arco di Costantino
)-Is atriumphal archinRome,situated between theColosseumand thePalatine Hill. -It was erected to commemorateConstantine I's victory over Maxentiusat theBattle of   Milvian Bridgeon October 28, 312.-The arch is 21 m high, 25.7 m wide and 7.4 m deep. It has three archways, the central one being 11.5 m high and 6.5 m wide, the lateral archways 7.4 m by 3.4 m each.
6.Arch of Titus (Arco di Tito)
-Stands in a slightly elevated position on a spur of the Palatine Hill at the entrance to theRoman ForuminRome. Its religious significance lies in its depiction of the sacking of Jerusalem and its sacred temple by the Romans in 70 AD.-Dedicated to Emperor Titus (Titus Flavius Vespasianus), a military commander whofought during First Jewish-Roman War.
7.Vatican City
Stato della Città del Vaticano
)-Officially the
State of the Vatican City.
-It is distinct from theHoly See, which dates back to earlyChristianityand is the main episcopal seeof 1.147 billionLatinandEastern Catholicadherents around the globe. -The
ex officio
 head of stateandhead of governmentof Vatican City, functions dependent on his primordial function as bishopof thediocese of Rome.
8.Basilica di San Pietro (St. Peter’s Basilica)
 Basilica Sancti Petri
-Officially known inItalianas the
Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano
andcommonly known as
St. Peter's Basilica.
-Has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world, holding 60,000 people.-It is the symbolic "Mother church" of theCatholic Churchand is regarded as one of theholiest Christian sites.-InCatholictradition, it is the burial site of its namesakeSaint Peter , who was one of the twelve apostlesof Jesusand, according to tradition, firstBishop of Romeand therefore first in the line of the papal succession.
9.Sistine Chapel
Cappella Sistina
)-Is the best-knownchapelin theApostolic Palace, the official residence of thePopein Vatican City.-It is famous for its architecture, evocative of Solomon's Templeof theOld Testament, and its decoration which has beenfrescoedthroughout by the greatestRenaissanceartists includingMichelangelo, Raphael,Bernini, andSandro Botticelli. -The chapel takes its name fromPope Sixtus IV,who restored the old Cappella Magna between 1477 and 1480.
-Is a city innorthern Italy, thecapitalof theregion Veneto. -Venice has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic,”City of Water", "City of Bridges", "City of Canals" and "The Amsterdam of the South".-Has also been described by the 
as being one of Europe's most romanticcities.-Venice is world-famous for itscanals. It is built on anarchipelagoof 117 islands formed  by 177 canals in a shallowlagoon.-The classical Venetian boat is the
, although it is now mostly used for tourists, or for weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies.-LANGUAGE :
is aRomance languagespoken as native language by over two million people, mostly in theVenetoregion of Italy, where of five million inhabitants almost all can understand it.-CURRENCY: Euro
-DEMONYM: Venetian-RELIGION: majority of the Venice population is Orthodox Roman Catholic.-ECONOMY: Venice was a major centre for commerce and trade, as it controlled a vastsea-empire, and became an extremely wealthy European city, a leader in political and economicaffairs and a centre for trade and commerce.Places of Interest:
1.Piazza San Marco
-Often known inEnglishas
St Mark's Square.
-Is the principalsquareof Venice, Italy. -A remark often attributed to Napoleon(but perhaps more correctly toAlfred de Musset
)calls the Piazza San Marco "The drawing room of Europe".-It is one of the fewgreat urban spacesin a Europe where human voices prevail over thesounds of motorized traffic, which is confined to Venice's waterways.-It is the only urban space called a
in Venice; the others, regardless of size, arecalled
2.Basilica di San Marco (St. Mark’s Basilica)
Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark 
(officially known inItalianas the
Basilica Cattedrale Patriachale di San Marco
and commonly known as
Saint Mark'sBasilica
)-Is thecathedralchurch of theRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice. It is the most famous of the city'schurchesand one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. -Lies on Piazza San Marco-Originally it was the "chapel" of the Venetian rulers, and not the city's cathedral.
3.The Doge's Palace
 Palazzo Ducale di Venezia
)-Is agothic  palaceinVenice. -The palace was the residence of theDoge of Venice.-Its two most visible façades look towards theVenetian LagoonandSt Mark's Square,or  rather the

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