) is the public televisionbroadcaster of Indiaand a division of Prasar Bharati, a public service broadcaster nominated by theGovernmentof India. It is one of the largest broadcasting organizations in the world in terms of theinfrastructure of studiosandtransmitters.Recently, it has also started Digital TerrestrialTransmitters. On September 15 2009, Doordarshan celebrated its 50th anniversary.
Doordarshan had a modest beginning with the experimental telecast starting inDelhion 15September 1959 with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio. The regular dailytransmission started in 1965 as a part of All India Radio. Thetelevisionservice was extendedto Bombay (nowMumbai) andAmritsar in 1972. Till 1975, seven Indian cities had televisionservice and Doordarshan remained the only television channel in India. Television serviceswere separated from radio in 1976. Each office of All India Radio and Doordarshan wereplaced under the management of two separate Director Generals in New Delhi.Finally
National telecasts were introduced in 1982. In the same year, colour TV was introduced in theIndian market with the live telecast of the Independence Day speech by then prime
minister Indira Gandhion 15 August 1982, followed by the 1982Asian Gamesbeing held inDelhi. Now more than 90 percent of the Indian population can receive Doordarshan (DDNational) programmes through a network of nearly 1400 terrestrial transmitters and about 46Doordarshan studios produce TV programs today.