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Dynamics of Machinery

Dynamics of Machinery

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Published by: rajamutyala4u on Mar 06, 2010
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Code No: 2320304
Set No. 1
III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, April/May 2009DYNAMICS OF MACHINERY( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, ProductionEngineering and Automobile Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. For the reciprocating engine mechanism following data is given:Length of crank=10cmLength of connecting rod=30cmDistance of centre of gravity of link 2 from main bearing =5cmDistance of centre of gravity of link 3 from crank pin =15cmCrank angle from line of stroke =60
0
Crank speed=1800rpm counter clock wiseMass of link 2=2.5kgMass of link 3=3.2kgMass of link 4=4kgMass moment of inertia of link 2 =60kgcm
2
Mass moment of inertia of link 3 =500kgcm
2
Determine the magnitude and direction of inertia of forces of links 2,3 and 4. [16]2. (a) Derive the expression for the force required to move the body up through theinclined plane.(b) A 150 mm diameter valve, against which a steam pressure of 2 MN/m
2
isacting, is closed by means of a square threaded screw 50 mm in externaldiameter with 6 mm pitch. If the coefficient of friction is 0.12, find the torquerequired to turn the handle. [6+10]3. Write short notes on the following:(a) Cone clutch.(b) Double shoe brake.(c) Absorption dynamometer. [16]4. (a) State how the size of the flywheel calculated.(b) A single cylinder four stroke oil engine develops 15kW at a speed of 400 rpmand drives a machine at 750 rpm. the engine shaft carries a flywheel witha moment of inertia of 114 kg-m
2
.The machine shaft also carries a flywheelwith the moment of inertia of 8 kg-m
2
. If the fluctuation of energy is 80If thecoefficient of fluctuation of speed is required to be lowered to a total value of 1%, what is the moment of inertia of the additional rotating mass to be fittedto the machine shaft? [6+10]1 of 2
 
Code No: 2320304
Set No. 1
5. A governor of the Proell type has each arm 250 mm long. The pivots of the upperand lower arms are 25 mm, from the axis. The central load acting on the sleeve hasa mass of 25 kg and each rotating ball has a mass of 3.2 kg when the governor sleeveis in mid position, the extension link of the lower arm is vertical and the radius of path of rotation of the masses is 175 mm. the vertical height of the governor is 200mm. if the speed of governor is 160 rpm, when in mid position, find:(a) Length of the extension link and(b) Tension in the upper arm. [16]6. A, B, C and D are four masses carried by a rotating shaft at radii of 10 cm, 12.5cm, 20 cm and 15 cm respectively. The planes in which the masses revolve are 60cm apart and the mass of B, C and D are 10 kg, 5 kg and 4 kg respectively. Findthe required mass A and the relative angular setting of the four masses so that theshaft is in complete balance. (Assuming the plane of mass as the reference plane.)[16]7. The following data relate to a single cylinder reciprocating engine.Mass of reciprocating parts = 40 kgMass of revolving parts = 30 kg at 180mm radius.Speed = 150 rpmStroke length = 350 mmIf 60% of the reciprocating parts and all the revolving parts to be balanced, deter-mine the(a) Balanced mass required at a radius of 320 mm.(b) The unbalanced force when the crank has turned 450 from the top dead center.[16]8. (a) Determine natural frequency of the pendulum system.(b) Define:i. Free vibrationsii. Forced vibrationsiii. Damping. [16]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2
 
Code No: 2320304
Set No. 2
III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, April/May 2009DYNAMICS OF MACHINERY( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, ProductionEngineering and Automobile Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What are free body diagrams of a mechanism? How are they helpful in findingvarious forces acting on various members of a mechanism?(b) The following data relate to a four link mechanism:Link Length Mass MOI about an axis through centre of MassAB 60mm 0.2Kg 80Kg mm
2
BC 200mm 0.4Kg 1600Kg mm
2
CD 100mm 0.6Kg 400Kg mm
2
AD 140mmAD is the fixed link. The centre of mass for the links BC and CD lie at theirmid points where as the centre of mass for link AB lies at A. Find the drivetorque in the link AB at the instant when it rotates at an angular velocity of 47.5 Rad/s counter clockwise and angle DAB 135
0
. Neglect gravity effects.[4+12]2. (a) What do you mean by friction circle? Explain.(b) A load of 10kN is raised by means of a screw jack, having a screw threadedscrew of 12mm pitch and of diameter 50 mm. If a force of 100 N is appliedat the end of a lever to raise the load, what should be the given length of thelever used? Take coefficient of friction =0.15. What should be the mechanicaladvantage obtained? State whether the screw is self locking. [6+10]3. (a) Derive the expression for the torque transmitting capacity of a cone clutch byconsidering uniform wear.(b) A cone clutch is to be designed to transmit a torque of 1000rpm. The outsideand inside radii are 75mm and 45mm respectively. The semi cone angle is 15degrees. The coefficient of friction of friction lining is 0.35. Using the uniformwear theory, find the required clamping force. If the friction lining wears outby 0.4mm, what reduction in the torque capacity of the clutch. [4+12]4. (a) What is the function of the flywheel in a punching press?(b) For a certain engine having an average speed of 1200 rpm. A flywheel approxi-mated as a solid disc, is required for keeping the fluctuation of speed within 2%about the average speed. The fluctuation of kinetic energy per cycle is foundto be 2 kJ. What is the least possible mass of the flywheel if its diameter isnot to exceed 1m? [4+12]1 of 2

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