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Revealed in Madinah

Revealed in Madinah

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Published by Mika'il al-Almany

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Published by: Mika'il al-Almany on Mar 06, 2010
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09/03/2010

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Revealed in Madinah
The Virtues of Surat As-Saff 
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Salam said,"We asked, `Who among us should go to the Messengerand ask him about the dearest actions to Allah' Noneamong us volunteered. The Messenger sent a man to usand that man gathered us and recited this Surah, Surah
As-Saff,
in its entirety.'''
ِا ِَـْا ِّا ِْِ 
 
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the MostMerciful.
ِضْرَْا ِ َﻡَو ِتاَوَا ِ َﻡ ِِ ََﺱ 
 
61:1 Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoeveris on the earth glorifies Allah.
یِَْا َُهَو ُِَْا ُ 
 
And He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.
 
2
َنُَْَ َ َﻡ َنُُَ َِ اُَﻡَ َیِا َیَأ َی 
 
61:2 O you who believe! Why do you say that whichyou do not do
َنُَْَ َ َﻡ اُُَ نَأ ِا َِ ًْَﻡ َُَآ 
 
61:3 Most hateful it is with Allah that you say thatwhich you do not do.
ُﻥََآ َ ِِِَﺱ ِ َنُِَُی َیِا ِُی َا نِإ ٌصُْﻡ ٌنَُ 
 
61:4 Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His causein rows as if they were a solid structure.
 
Chastising Those Who say what They do not do
We mentioned in many a places before the meaning of Allah'sstatement,
ُِَْا ُیِَْا َُهَو ِضْرَْا ِ َﻡَو ِتاَوَا ِ َﻡ ِِ ََﺱ 
١
 
Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on theearth glorifies Allah. And He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.Therefore, we do not need to repeat its meaning here.Allah's statement,
َنُَْَ َ َﻡ َنُُَ َِ اُَﻡَ َیِا َیَأ َی 
٢
 
O you who believe! Why do you say that which you donot do?This refutes those who neglect to fulfill theirpromises.This honorable Ayah supports the view that severalscholars of the
Salaf 
held, that it is necessary to fulfill
 
3
the promise, regardless of whether the promise includessome type of wealth for the person receiving the promiseor otherwise.They also argue from the
Sunnah
, with the Hadithrecorded in the Two Sahihs in which Allah's Messengersaid,
ٌثََ ِِَُْا ُَی:َِُْؤا اَذِإَو ،َبََآ َثَ اَذِإَو ،ََْَأ َََو اَذِإ نَ 
There are three signs for a hypocrite:- when he promises, he breaks his promise;- when speaks, he lies; and- when he is entrusted, he betrays.
 
And in another Hadith in the Sahih,
ٌةَِاَو ِِْَﻥَآ ْَﻡَو،ًِَًِَُﻡ َنَآ ِِُآ ْَﻡ ٌَْرَأ ََََی ْَ ٍقَِﻥ ْِﻡ ٌَْَ ِِ ْَﻥَآ ُْِﻡ 
There are four characteristics which if one has allof them, he is the pure hypocrite, and if anyonehas any of them, he has a characteristic of hypocrisy, until he abandons it.
 
So he mentioned breaking the promise amongthese four characteristics.We mentioned the meaning of these two Hadithsin the beginning of the explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari, and to Allah is the praise and the thanks.Therefore Allah implied this meaning, when He continuedHis admonishment by saying,
َنُَْَ َ َﻡ اُُَ نَأ ِا َِ ًْَﻡ َُَآ 
٣
 
Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which youdo not do.Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded that Abdullah bin`Amir bin Rabi`ah said,"Allah's Messenger came to us while I was ayoung boy, and I went out to play. My mother

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