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Non Wood Forest Products (NWFPs): Examples of Alternative Forest Use on Leyte Island, Philippines

Non Wood Forest Products (NWFPs): Examples of Alternative Forest Use on Leyte Island, Philippines

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Published by johnnyvond
What potential do tropical forests have for the extraction of NWFPs (products other than wood), and do people in rural communities in the Philippines access this potential? A case study from Leyte.
What potential do tropical forests have for the extraction of NWFPs (products other than wood), and do people in rural communities in the Philippines access this potential? A case study from Leyte.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: johnnyvond on Mar 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/12/2010

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1
 
Non Wood Forest Products (NWFPs): Examples of Alternative Forest Use on Leyte Island, Philippines
byJD&Jesus
 
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENT1
 
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 1
 
1.1
 
T
HE
P
HILIPPINES
:
 
F
ORESTS
,
FOREST DEVELOPMENT AND FOREST POLICY
................................... 1
 
1.2
 
L
EYTE ISLAND INFORMATION
...................................................................................................... 2
 
1.3
 
T
HE STUDENT PROJECT IN THE
B
AYBAY MUNICIPALITY
............................................................... 2
 
1.4
 
I
NTRODUCTION TO
NWFP
S
:
 
D
EFINITIONS AND EXAMPLES
.......................................................... 4
 
1.5
 
NWFP
USE ON
L
EYTE ISLAND
..................................................................................................... 5
 
1.6
 
P
ROJECT METHODOLOGY
............................................................................................................. 5
 
2
 
RESULTS: NWFP USE IN THE BARANGAYS OF CIENDA, PATAG AND GABAS ............ 6
 
2.1
 
O
VERVIEW AND LISTING OF ENCOUNTERED
NWFP
S
................................................................... 6
 
2.2
 
NWFP
CATEGORIZATION
............................................................................................................. 6
 
2.3
 
D
ISCUSSION ON
NWFP
S
:
THE PLANTATION ISSUE
..................................................................... 10
 
2.4
 
D
ESCRIPTION OF THE ENCOUNTERED
NWFP
S
........................................................................... 11
 
2.4.1
 
Characterization of categories by use and overview of NWFPs per category ..................... 11
 
2.4.1.1
 
Construction materials ................................................................................................................ 11
 
2.4.1.2
 
Medicinal Plants ......................................................................................................................... 12
 
2.4.1.3
 
Ornamental plants ...................................................................................................................... 12
 
2.4.1.4
 
Food products ............................................................................................................................. 14
 
2.4.1.5
 
Handicrafts ................................................................................................................................. 14
 
2.4.1.6
 
Other .......................................................................................................................................... 15
 
2.4.2
 
 Alphabetical listing of NWFP descriptions .......................................................................... 15
 
2.4.2.1
 
 Aloeasia zebnina
(Tigerplant, Picture 3 in section 5.2 (Appendix 2)) ........................................ 16
 
2.4.2.2
 
Bambusaceae .............................................................................................................................. 16
 
2.4.2.3
 
 Borreria ocymoides
(Bagonbon) ................................................................................................ 19
 
2.4.2.4
 
Calamus spp
(Rattan) ................................................................................................................. 19
 
2.4.2.5
 
Careyota cumenegi
(Puganan, Picture 6 in section 5.2 (Appendix 2)) ....................................... 21
 
2.4.2.6
 
Cinnamumom mercadoi
(Kalingag) ........................................................................................... 22
 
2.4.2.7
 
Cocos nucifera
(Coconut palm).................................................................................................. 23
 
2.4.2.8
 
Cyathca contaminans
(Treefern, Picture 1 in section 5.2 (Appendix 2)).................................... 25
 
2.4.2.9
 
 Diplazium ecmlentum
(Pako) ..................................................................................................... 26
 
2.4.2.10
 
 Dillenia philippinensis
(Katnieen) ............................................................................................. 26
 
2.4.2.11
 
 Donax cannaeformis
(Bamban) .................................................................................................. 26
 
2.4.2.12
 
 Heliconia ssp
(Picture 2 in section 5.2 (Appendix 2)) ................................................................ 27
 
2.4.2.13
 
Honey ......................................................................................................................................... 28
 
2.4.2.14
 
 Levistonia rotundifolia
(Anahaw, Picture 4 in section 5.2 (Appendix 2)) .................................. 28
 
2.4.2.15
 
 Mangifera altissima
(Pahutan) ................................................................................................... 28
 
2.4.2.16
 
Meat ........................................................................................................................................... 29
 
2.4.2.17
 
 Musa textalis
(Abaca) ................................................................................................................. 29
 
2.4.2.18
 
 Nypa fruticans
(Nipa) ................................................................................................................. 32
 
2.4.2.19
 
Orchidaceae (Orchids, Picture 5 in section 5.2 (Appendix 2)) ................................................... 35
 
2.4.2.20
 
Phoyrium philippinensis
(Hagithit) ............................................................................................ 35
 
2.4.2.21
 
Samadera indica
(Manunggal) ................................................................................................... 35
 
2.4.2.22
 
Setania palnufolia
(Agohasis) .................................................................................................... 37
 
2.4.2.23
 
Vegetables .................................................................................................................................. 37
 
3
 
CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION ........................................................................................... 38
 
3.1
 
L
IMITATIONS OF THE PROJECT
................................................................................................... 38
 
3.2
 
NWFP
S IN THE
B
AYBAY MUNICIPALITY
,
 
L
EYTE
:
 
O
UTLOOK
,
EVALUATION AND CONCLUSIONS
. 39
 
LITERATURE (REFERENCES): .......................................................................................................... 40
 
4
 
APPENDIX....................................................................................................................................... 42
 
 
 
ii
4.1
 
C
OMMON QUESTIONNAIRE FOR
NWFP
S
(A
PPENDIX
1) .............................................................. 42
 
4.2
 
T
ABLE OF ENCOUNTERED
NWFP
S
:
 
N
AMES AND OVERVIEW OF USES
(A
PPENDIX
2) .................. 45
 
4.3
 
P
ICTURES LINKED IN THE TEXT
(A
PPENDIX
3) ............................................................................ 46
 
LIST OF TABLES
 
T
ABLE
1.
 
E
NCOUNTERED
NWFP
S
,
THEIR USE AND MANAGEMENT STATUS
................................................... 7
 
T
ABLE
2.
 
E
NCOUNTERED
NWFP
S LISTED BY CATEGORIES OF USE
................................................................ 8
 
T
ABLE
3.
 
E
NCOUNTERED
NWFP
S CATEGORIZED BY MANAGEMENT INTENSITY
............................................ 9
 
T
ABLE
4.
 
E
NCOUNTERED
NWFP
S CATEGORIZED BY ECONOMIC DIMENSION
................................................ 9
 
T
ABLE
5.
 
O
BSERVED MANAGEMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
NWFP
S
.................................................................. 13
 
T
ABLE
6.
 
A
CTUAL MANAGEMENT OF BAMBOO IN THE EXAMINED BARANGAYS
.......................................... 18
 
T
ABLE
7.
 
P
ROPOSED MANAGEMENT OF BAMBOO IN THE EXAMINED BARANGAYS
....................................... 19
 
T
ABLE
8.
 
A
CTUAL MANAGEMENT OF RATTAN IN THE EXAMINED BARANGAYS
........................................... 21
 
T
ABLE
9.
 
P
ROPOSED MANAGEMENT OF RATTAN IN THE EXAMINED BARANGAYS
........................................ 22
 
T
ABLE
10.
 
U
SUAL MANAGEMENT OF COCONUT
(
CONVERSION OF NATURAL FOREST TO MONOCULTUREPLANTATION OR AGROFORESTRY SYSTEM
)
IN THE EXAMINED BARANGAYS
........................................ 24
 
T
ABLE
11.
 
R
ECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT OF COCONUT AS A
NWFP
 
(
NOT INTENDED TO REPLACE CURRENTPLANTATIONS BUT RATHER TO SLOW THE DEGRADATION OF REMAINING FOREST PLOTS BY THEIRCONVERSION INTO LOW
-
DIVERSITY PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
): ............................................................. 25
 
T
ABLE
12.
 
E
NCOUNTERED MANAGEMENT OF FRUIT TREES AS
NWFP
S
(
E
.
G
.
 
K
ATNIEEN
)
IN EXAMINEDBARANGAYS
....................................................................................................................................... 26
 
T
ABLE
13.
 
R
ECOMMENDED LOW
-
INPUT MANAGEMENT OF
NWFP
FRUIT TREES
(
E
.
G
.
KATNIEEN
): .............. 27
 
T
ABLE
14.
 
U
SUAL MANAGEMENT OF ABACA IN EXAMINED BARANGAYS
(
CONVERSION OF REMAININGFOREST INTO MONOCULTURES OR AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS WITH COCONUT
): .................................. 30
 
T
ABLE
15.
 
R
ECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT OF ABACA AS A
NWFP
 
(
NOT INTENDED TO REPLACE EXISTINGHIGH
-
PRODUCTIVITY PLANTATIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS WITH COCONUT IN AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS
,
 BUT RATHER AIMING AT SLOWING THE DEGRADATION OF REMAINING FORESTS THROUGH THEIRCONVERSION INTO LOW
-
DIVERSITY PLANTATIONS
) ............................................................................ 31
 
T
ABLE
16.
 
U
SUAL MANAGEMENT OF NIPA IN THE EXAMINED BARANGAYS
(
CONVERSION OF MANGROVEAREA TO AGROFORESTRY SYSTEM
) ..................................................................................................... 34
 
T
ABLE
17.
 
R
ECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT
(
EXTENSIVE USE IN NATURAL FOREST AREA
)............................ 34
 
T
ABLE
18.
 
U
SUAL PRACTICES WITH MEDICINAL TREES IN EXAMINED BARANGAYS
..................................... 36
 
T
ABLE
19.
 
R
ECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT OF MEDICINAL TREES
............................................................... 36
 
LIST OF MAPS
M
AP
1:
 
S
TATE OF FOREST RESOURCES
(
LEFT
)
OF THE
P
HILIPPINES VERSUS POTENTIAL ECOLOGICAL ZONES
1
 
M
AP
2:
 
P
ART OF THE
B
AYBAY MUNICIPALITY
,
SHOWING THE BARANGAYS WHERE THE RESEARCH WASCONDUCTED
(G
ABAS
,
 
P
ATAG
,
 
C
IENDA
) ................................................................................................ 3
 

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