RFID Based Business Process Automationfor Harbor Operations in Container Depot
Youngil Kim*, Jung-Woon Yoo**, Namkyu Park**
* RFID/Ubiquitous Sensor Network Middleware Research TeamRFID/USN Research GroupElectronics Telecommunications Research Institute161 Ga-jeong-Dong, Yu-seong-Gu, Daejeon, 305-700, Korea** Department of Industrial and Manufacturing EngineeringWayne State University4815 Fourth St., Detroit, Michigan. 48202, U.S.A.
One of the most promising advantages in Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) application isthe ability to automate the business process (BP), with minimum human intervention, by providing decision systems with accurate, real-time, and up-to-date data. This paper presents anRFID based business process automation system for harbor operations in container depot. Thecore system comprises RFID Event Management System (REMS) and Real-time BusinessProcess Triggering System (RBPTS). The REMS serves to reduce redundant data and aggregaterelevant data for minimization of data traffic. The RBPTS plays an important role in extractingsemantics from the refined data repository through rule-based inference engine and, at the sametime, automating back-end applications. Thanks to the RBPTS functions, one can achieveautomated harbor operations, such as checking scheduled incoming/outgoing items, issuingshipment notices, and so on. The proposed system has been partially implemented, in a real lifeapplication, to verify effectiveness of harbor operations in terms of reduction of work complexityas well as business process automation.Key words: RFID, business process automation, rule-based inference, harbor operations.
Research on RFID applications, which was initiated by MIT Auto-ID Laboratory envi-sioning a world in which all electronic devices are networked (Sarma, 2001), is rapidly spreadingout all over the world. Relative advantages of RFID technology to current “barcode” based tech-nology have become widely known such as contact-less recognition, batch processing of data,and reusability. Recently, RFID technology has drawn much attention from not only researchfields, but also private and public sectors. Furthermore, fast price drop of RFID tags makes a progress of RFID applications to real world expedite. These days, there's a new trend to applyRFID technology in a large scale to maximize or improve enterprise-wide system efficiency and profitability,As the RFID technology is being diffused and applied to real world systems, research di-rection of RFID technology is accordingly changing from hardware development, such as chip or antenna design, to business application areas. RFID hardware per se, including RFID tags and