First things first, what is a definition of learning? We all know we begin the learning process the day weare born, and it continues until the day we die. What happens to a person when they are learning? Whatprocess does he or she go through? (I have to say at this point, we are still learning how we learn things,it's still an on going learning process.)We mainly learn new things because of our individual experiences, which may change our way of thinking, feeling, doing, or seeing the world around us. So basically, it would be safe to say learning is achange in behavior as the result of an experience. This change or learning, can be openly observed or itcan be in the mind as a feeling, which is hard to see at times.The characteristics of learning, learning concepts and generalizations, the laws of learning, factors thataffect learning, and the transfer of learning are the many things that we need to understand as trainers.The more we do understand the learning process it only increases our chances of creating an effectivelearning environment and becoming a successful trainer.Let's work our way through some of these learning processes by starting with:
CHARACTERISTICS OF LEARNING!
Most people have a very definite ideals of what they want to do and achieve. A student brings his or her goals into the classroom. Some of these goals may be very personal and some they will share with youand their classmates. A student will learn best what will help them meet his or her goals. The learner'sgoal or purpose is of chief importance in the act of learning. A good instructor tries to relate learningmaterial to the student's goal.Learning comes through experience. Learning is a very individual process and must be done by thestudent themselves . . . the instructor cannot do this for them. Research has concluded that learning andknowledge is a part of a person. A person knowledge is gained from his or her experiences, and no twopeople react to the experience the same way. Each learns different things depending on how the situationaffects their different needs. Previous experience conditions a person to respond to some things and toignore others. Some experiences involve the individual as a whole, while others involve only their eyes,ears, and memory.There are a number of factors in combination that affect the way in which an individual learns newinformation.Major factors contributing to your learning style include:
Sensory Modalities: Auditory, Visually, and Kinesthetic
Reasoning Types: deductive, inductive
Learning Environment: interpersonal (working with others), interpersonal (working alone)
Sensory Modalities:The Senses:
Auditory-Listening:Prefer verbal instructions to written ones.Is comfortable using spoken reinforcement mentally as well as aloud?Visually-Seeing:Reading-VisualizingDoes well with reading comprehension?Prefers maps to verbal directions.Kinesthetic-Moving:Touching - hands-onWriting things down clarifies thoughts.Likes to draw pictures.Enjoys working with hands-likes lab classes.