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CastorOil the Only Online Bookmark You’ll Ever

CastorOil the Only Online Bookmark You’ll Ever

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Published by: saovivek9415 on Mar 07, 2010
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CastorOilThe Only Online Bookmark You’ll Ever Need for Anything CastorHomeBlogForumCastor Oil ExtractionCastor Crop ResourcesUses of Castor OilChemicals & DerivativesList of Castor Oil & its derivatives
Castor Seed
Castor Meal / Castor Residue
Castor Oil
Hydrogenated Castor Oil (HCO)
2 Hydroxy Stearic Acid (12 HSA)
Methyl 12 HSA (Hydroxy Stearate Acid)
Blown Castor Oil
Sulfated/Sulfonated Castor Oil, Turkey Red Oil
COLM (Urethane Grade)
Commercial Grade Castor Oil
BP Grade Castor Oil
DAB-10
Deodorized/Deodourised Castor Oil
European Pharmacoepia Grade Castor Oil
Extra Pale Grade Caster Oil
Pale Pressed Grade (PPG) Grade Caster Oil
First Pressed Degummed Castor Oil
Special Grade Castor Oil & First Special Grade (FSG) Castor Oil
United States Pharmacopia (USP) Castor Oil
Industrial Castor Oil
Dehydrated Castor Oil (DCO)
Ethoxylated Castor Oil
C 3 Derivatives of Castor Oil
Glycerine
C-7 Derivatives of Castoroil
Heptanoic Acid
Heptaldehyde
Heptyl Alcohol (Heptanol)
C 11 Derivatives of Caster Oil
Undecylenic Acid
Undecanoic Acid
Undecylenic Aldehyde
Undecylenic Alcohol
Calcium Undecylenate
Zinc Undecylenate
Allyl Undecylenate
Sodium Undecylenate
Methyl Undecylenate
Ethyl Undecylenate
C 18 Derivatives of Casteroil
Esterols
Ricinoleic Acid
Methyl Ricinoleate
Sebacic Acid
2-OctanolLooking to Invest in Castor Oil Business?New
 
Biodiesel from Algae – Info, Resources & LinksWhile a number of bio-feedstock are currently being experimented for biodiesel production, algae have emerged as one of the most promising sources for biodieselproduction. Though research into algae as a source for biodiesel is not new, the current oil crises and fast depleting fossil oil reserves have made it more imperative for organizations and countries to invest more time and efforts into research on suitable renewable feedstock such as algae.Just by way of history, petroleum is widely believed to have had its origins inkerogen, which is easily converted to an oily substance under conditions of highpressure and temperature. Kerogen is formed from algae, biodegraded organic compounds, plankton, bacteria, plant material, etc., by biochemical and/or chemicalreactions such as diagenesis and catagenesis. Several studies have been conducted to simulate petroleum formation by pyrolysis. On the basis of these findings,it can be inferred that algae grown in CO2-enriched air can be converted to oily substances. Such an approach can contribute to solving two major problems: airpollution resulting from CO2 evolution, and future crises due to a shortage ofenergy sources.While algae are one of the more promising feedstocks owing to their widespread availability and higher oil yields, it is felt that there are not enough web resources that provide comprehensive information on biodiesel production from algae.This web page intends to be a one-stop resource for information and web links for biodiesel production from algae.We hope that you find this page to be of use.Any feedback and suggestions may kindly be sent to Narsi @ narsi@esource.inNote:The content for this page have been derived from Oilgae – a web resource dedicated to providing comprehensive resources for oil and fuel production from algae.See Oilgae – Biodiesel from Algae for more and up-to-date info on this topic.See also:What’s New & News in Energy – Get the latest from the NewNergy BlogGet the latest news on oil and biodiesel from algae at the Oilgae BlogGet the big picture on energy & alternative energy source from the Oilgae EnergySources Portal (Energy portal Home)Looking to Invest in Castor Oil Business? NewSee the latest inventions @ breakthroughs in energy @ NewNergySee also: Some interesting energy-related questions from Billion Dollar Questions• Are biofuels sustainable in the long term?• How long will oil last?• What are the alternative energy options available?The following are the sections in this page1.What are algae?2.Where do algae grow?3.What are algae comprised of?4.How are algae cultivated for biodiesel?5.What are the existing sources of algae for biodiesel production?6.What are the oil yields from algae?7.What is the process by which the oil is extracted from algae?8.How is biodiesel from algae different from biodiesel from other plant/vegetable oils?9.Talking practically, is it feasible to produce biodiesel from algae on alarge scale?10.What can be done with the algae left-over after the extraction of oil (the “dried algae”)?11.More Points & Links on Biodiesel from Algae12.Research on Algae & Biodiesel from Algae13.Latest News & Updates on Biodiesel from Algae
 
14.Appendix1. What are algae?Algae (singular alga) is a term that encompasses many different groups of livingorganisms. Algae capture light energy through photosynthesis and convert inorganic substances into simple sugars using the captured energy. Algae range from single-celled organisms to multi-cellular organisms, some with fairly complex differentiated formCastor Oil Report - Have You Seen it Yet? NewAlgae have been traditionally regarded as simple plants, and some are closely related to the higher plants.Forms of AlgaeThe main branches/lines of algae are:Chromista - this line includes the brown algae, golden brown algae, anddiatoms. The plastids in these algae contain Chlorophylls A and C. ( see: BriefIntroduction to the Phaeophyta, Brown Algae – from Wikipedia)The Red Line this is an early branch of marine algae containing just Chlorophyll A. Red algae can often be seen coating wave washed rocks. A characteristic of red algae is that their plastids contain only one type of chlorophyll -- chlorophyll a. This is different from green algae and plants which have both chlorophyll a and b. (see: Introduction to the Rhodophyta, Red Alga – from Wikipedia)Dinoflagellates – these evolved on a separate line that includes, surprisingly, the ciliated protists. (see: Introduction to the Dinoflagellata from UMCP, Berkeley, Dinoflagellate Information – from MBARI, Dinoflagellate – from Wikipedia)The Euglenids this independent line of single celled organisms that include both photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic species (see: Euglenid – from Wikipedia)The Green Line, is related to plants. Plants and green algae have chlophylls A and B. ( see also: Introduction to Green Algae)The three most prominent lines of algae are the brown algae (Chromista), the redalgae, and the green algae, of which some of the most complex forms are foundsamong the green algae. This lineage eventually led to the higher land plants. The point where these non-algal plants begin and algae stop is usually taken to bethe presence of reproductive organs with protective cell layers, a characteristic not found in the other alga groups.See also:Algaculture from WikipediaLots of Algae Related Links – from University of Arizona Algae ClassAlgae Research from the Smithsonian InstitutionAlgaeBase Listing the Worlds AlgaeAlgae Description & Types2. Where do algae grow?Algae are some of the most robust organisms on earth, able to grow in a wide range of conditions.Algae are usually found in damp places or bodies of water and thus are common interrestrial as well as aquatic environments. However, terrestrial algae are usually rather inconspicuous and far more common in moist, tropical regions than dry ones, because algae lack vascular tissues and other adaptions to live on landAs mentioned above, algae grow in almost every habitat in every part of the world. The following are examples of non-marine (loosely termed
 
freshwater
 
here) habitats.Don
 
t Miss Reading the Castor Oil Report NewAnimals: Reported substrates include turtles, snails, rotifers, worms, crustaceaand many other animalsAquatic plants: Algae grow on and inside water plants (including other algae)Artificial substrates: Wooden posts and fences, cans and bottles etc. all provid

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