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methods of teaching

methods of teaching

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Published by cez_dqueen

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: cez_dqueen on Mar 07, 2010
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12/24/2012

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APPROACHES, METHODS/ STRATEGIES, TECHNIQUESApproach
An enlightened viewpoint of teaching
Provides a sound philosophy and orientation to the whole process of teaching in which the selection of an instructional method is part and parcel of
Embraces the entire spectrum of the process which includes-the goal of teaching-role of the teacher-expectations from students,-nature of the teaching-learning process-the kind of evaluation techniques to be usedMethod/Strategy
Refers to an organized, orderly, systematic, well-planned procedure
Consists of steps which are logically arranged, aimed at achieving the specific aims of instruction, at enhancing greater teaching and maximizing learning output
Directs and guides the teacher in all class activities and involves as well, the organization of materials to get things doneTechnique
Implementation and actually takes place in the classroom
A particular trick used to accomplish an immediate objective.
Should be consistent with the method and therefore in harmony with the approach, too.
Depends on the teacher, his/her individual artistry and on the composition of the class
A procedural variation of a given method
Involves a highly personalized style of carrying out a particular step or a given methodCLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING METHODSBased on the no. of participantsWhole classGroup of studentsIndividual studentsBased on Learning New Behaviors
Direct Instruction
Indirect InstructionBased on Child Development
Cognitive
Affective
 
Psychomotor
SocialBased on teacher-student involvement
Teacher controlled
Student centered
Teacher-student collaborationTYPES OF LESSONS
Development
Review
Drill
Application
AppreciationDevelopment Lesson
Used in presenting a new fact, principle, procedure, generalization, skill, or a new knowledgeStepsI. PreparationReview facts and recall old experiences related to the new lessonEstablish objectivesII. DevelopmentLead the class to examine, analyze, compare, contrast, generalize, observe, judge, or direct something to achieve objectivesIII. ApplicationUse what has been learned in a new situation or practice activities
 
Review Lesson
Used in presenting a new view of old facts and concepts in a broader setting that results in new meanings, associations, relationships and ways of actingStepsI. PreparationDefine the need to reviewSpecify the purpose of the reviewRecall concepts previously learnedII. Review Proper/ActivitiesUse any or a combination of the following:Problem solving skillComparison schemeConcepts schemeActivities schemeOpen book exercisesImaginative/creativeIII. Further ApplicationUse new learnings in new situationsDrill Lesson
Used in fixing certain items of knowledge or relations for ready recallSteps:I. MotivationArousing the need for the skill or activityII. FocalizationFocusing learner’s attention on the specific facts, habits, or skills to

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