APPROACHES, METHODS/ STRATEGIES, TECHNIQUESApproach
An enlightened viewpoint of teaching
Provides a sound philosophy and orientation to the whole process of teaching in which the selection of an instructional method is part and parcel of
Embraces the entire spectrum of the process which includes-the goal of teaching-role of the teacher-expectations from students,-nature of the teaching-learning process-the kind of evaluation techniques to be usedMethod/Strategy
Refers to an organized, orderly, systematic, well-planned procedure
Consists of steps which are logically arranged, aimed at achieving the specific aims of instruction, at enhancing greater teaching and maximizing learning output
Directs and guides the teacher in all class activities and involves as well, the organization of materials to get things doneTechnique
Implementation and actually takes place in the classroom
A particular trick used to accomplish an immediate objective.
Should be consistent with the method and therefore in harmony with the approach, too.
Depends on the teacher, his/her individual artistry and on the composition of the class
A procedural variation of a given method
Involves a highly personalized style of carrying out a particular step or a given methodCLASSIFICATION OF TEACHING METHODSBased on the no. of participantsWhole classGroup of studentsIndividual studentsBased on Learning New Behaviors
Indirect InstructionBased on Child Development