Grade Integrated Sciencename____________________
Title: Scale Model of EarthIntroduction:
Earth is not just a ball of rock. It is a complex, layered ball of rock. Earthquake waves traveling through Earth do not pass straight through.They bounce off of layers composed of different materials with different densities,states and composition. Scientists measure earthquake waves and have mademodels of what they think is inside Earth. In this activity, you will make a scalemodel of Earth and see the layers and features of the crust in their trueproportions.
1.5 x 1.5 piece of butcher paper, 1 meter string, metric rulers, markers.
1. To make a scale model, every part of the object being modeled needs to be“shrunk” mathematically. This is done by dividing every part by the samenumber. To make our model, the shrinking factor is 1: 60,000,000. Earth will be60 million times smaller in our model than in real life. In the metric system, our conversion factor will be 60 km on Earth = 1 cm on our model.2. Start by dividing the numbers of the real Earth on the data table below by 60.Put that number in the column for thickness on the model.3. Find the center of your large piece of paper. Put a dot there. Tie a pencil toyour string. Measure the thickness you calculated for the inner core on your paper, starting from the dot. Use the string like a compass and hold it on thecenter and rotate the pencil in a circle the correct size around it.4. Continue making circles; remember to draw each time from the center but addthe thickness of each layer to the layer before it.5. Add the surface features last.6. When you are done, label each layer by name and write it’s density, phaseand composition on it.7. Answer the analysis questions when you are done.
Data:Layers of EarthEarth LayerReal thickness (km)Our model thickness (cm)
Inner core1255Outer core2220Mantle2895Crust40