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Models of Earth Clay Balls

# Models of Earth Clay Balls

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03/07/2010

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Course 7
th
Grade Integrated ScienceStandard: 2 Objective 2.dTitle: Models of EarthDescription:
Students will probe a clay ball to determine the interior. This is whatlearning about the center of the Earth is like. Students will analyze severalincorrect models and the correct model.
Materials Needed:
Clay ballsOne item in the center of each ball (marble, paperclip, dice, penny)Skewer sticks or toothpicks (depending on the size of Earth)Worksheet.
Time Needed:
40-50 minutes
Safety issues or specialized background knowledge:
Scientists have notbeen to the center of the Earth. They use earthquakes to help them determinewhat the center is like.
Teacher Procedures:
1. Prepare a clay ball with one item in the center of the ball. Give the ball and 5-10 skewers to each group. Carefully probe the ball and try to determine what is atthe center of the earth. After all have guessed and sketched what is at the center have them open the ball and see if they are correct. Have one group of each typeof center (marble) present to the class why they thought (evidence) that themarble was that the center.2. Talk about the models that we have for the earth. Scientists have changedover time their models.3. Hand out worksheet and have the students work in groups to find evidence for and against each of the models.
1. Complete, best effort, used equipment correctly……………….………………42. Complete, best effort, ……..……………………………………………………...33. Partially complete and lacking effort……………………………………………..24. Started lab and did not complete…………………………………………………1or a rubric if appropriate

Student PageStandard II
Name ___________________
Objective
2. d Date ____________________ Period ___________________

Title: Models of EarthIntroduction:
We make models of almost everything. Can you think of somemodels that you have seen? It is very difficult to make models of things that wecannot see but can learn about by using tools. In this activity you will see some of the early models of the inside of the Earth along with a current model.
Prediction/Hypothesis:
If you asked a first grader what the inside of the earthlooked like how do you think they would describe it?
Procedures:1.
Use the toothpicks or skewers and gently probe the “Earth” your teacher hasprovided. Draw a picture of what you think it looks like inside. Remove the clayand draw what was really there.What I think is inside:What was inside:

2. Read the information below about three models of Earth that have beenproposed in the past and write down evidence that may show that was a correctmodel and evidence that the model may be wrong. Then in small groups talkabout your answers and combine your answers to make a really good answer.In 1692, Halley proposed that the Earth was hollowand within it was a second sphere. To account for allthe variations in the magnetic field, Halley finallyproposed that the Earth was composed of some four spheres, each nestled inside another.1. What evidence is there that this is a good model?2. What evidence is there that this is NOT a goodmodel?In 1846 the discovery of an extinct wooly mammothfrozen in ice in Siberia was used by Marshall Gardner as evidence of a hollowearth. Gardner subscribed to the single-sun-inside-the-earth theory andsuggested that the mammoth was so well-preserved because it had diedrecently. Gardner thought that mammoths and other extinct creatures wanderedfreely in the interior of the earth. This one had wandered outside by using thehole at the North Pole, then was frozen and carried to Siberia on an ice flow.
1.
What evidence is there that this is a goodmodel?2.What evidence is there that this is NOT agood model?3.What evidence is there that this is a goodmodel?