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An Not Tat Ion

An Not Tat Ion

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Published by: LIBIN PALLUPPETTAYIL JOSE on Mar 08, 2010
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09/03/2010

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Buys. L, Bigby. C, Boulton - Lewis G, Tedman – Jones. J, Edwards. H, Knox.M. (2008).Issues of active ageing: Perceptions of older people with intellectual disability.
 Australian Journal of Ageing,
27(2), 67 -71.
The researchers aimed to present the issues of active ageing of people with permanentintellectual disabilities. The methodology used was case study analysis. The researcherswere from different universities and have a sound knowledge about research and ageing.They conducted 16 case studies, for the analysis. They had done purposive sampling with“intellectual disability” as inclusion criteria. They had informed consent from the subjects.The data was collected by a face – to – face – semi – structured interview lasted for 60 – 90minute, audio tapped and transcribed verbatim. The topics were focused on daily activities,how ageing affected them and how they want life in future. The questions were open ended,ensuring an opportunity to express clients. The analysis was done by comparative methods.The results revealed that, independence emerged with empowerment; elderly areconcerned about financial and emotional security then future care. Many of the participantswant to learn more about what they know; where as some are interested in new things.Subjects were worried about the environment they live in as they had bitter taste in age carefacility previously. Though the older people were disappointed with the facilities they receivenow, they are not worried about health and fitness but need support from family and friends.The possible audience are researchers, health professionals and general public. Though theresearchers were funded from governmental organisations, there was no bias found. Only 11references were there. The figure, which represents the results of the study, makes goodunderstanding.
 
The researchers included a lot of participants’ quoting, which helps inunderstanding the attitude of clients towards the questionnaire used.
 
Bajorek B., Krass.I., Ogle.S.J., Duguid.M.J., Shenfield.G.M. (2006). Warfarin use in theelderly: the nurses’ perspective.
Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing,
23(3), 19 – 25.
Warfarin is very commonly used in elderly. The aim of this research was to explorethe issues of long-term use of Warfarin in elderly, by examining the aged care nurses. Thisqualitative study was done by doctors and pharmacists with aged care working background.A semi structured group interview and questionnaire were used in data collection andmanaged by audio tapping and transcribed verbatim.Sampling technique was opportunistic and purposive, ensured with screening. Thesubjects had given written informed consent for participation. Phenomenological approachwas used for data analysis, and resulted in emerging 5 themes. Patient had different attitudestowards Warfarin therapy. Patients were powerless in making decision regarding Warfarintherapy. Patients had limited ability to use Warfarin wisely. Nurses were not confidentenough to involve in anticoagulant therapy. They believed in “
 follow – up
” not in the
initiation
” of the anticoagulant therapy to the patient. Though there were more suggestionsfor Warfarin use in elderly, no nurse was interested for future education in the same field.The possible audiences for this are nurses and other health professionals, researchersand elderly. The weakness of his article is the non involvement of nurses and the datacollection was done long time ago. The tables provided for the results are able to providewith the results of the study. The researchers developed a theme based analysis for the presentation of their findings. They included direct quotations to explore the mind of thenurses participated. Moreover, the study was all about nurses and a pioneer study withregards to nurses’ perspective in aged care.
 
Johnstone. M. J, Kaintsaki. O (2009). Population ageing and the politics of demographicalarmism: implications for the nursing profession.
 Australian Journal of Advanced  Nursing,
26(3), 86 – 92.
This scholarly paper examines the prejudices and politics framing “Population Ageingin Australia” and the role of nursing profession on that. Authors argue that “DemographicTime Bomb” portrayal of ageing population is incorrect and misleading and professionalnursing has a fundamental role in correction of these.The scholars argue that the Australian Productivity Commission (APC) believes blindly that elderly means sick and disabled with no productivity and are an economic burdenwhich is incorrect. The authors underpin strong evidences for stating that older people aresignificant contributors to society. The very recent study of South Australia regardingeconomic contribution of people aged 65 – 101 years revealed that, they contribute $ 4.9 – 8.1 billion compared to the cost of their care, which was just $1.8 billion. Nursing have a fundamental role in promotion of health and social welfare of old age,not only by giving direct care but also by being involved in public policy debates with respectto matters concerning elderly. Reflective and critical thinking on this issue is needed. Thescholars had done an excellent work to engage Australian nurses to work for elderly. The possible audience are the government, health professionals, elderly and family. To provide a better understanding they use “Pyramid to Coffin”, which narrates a balanced ageing population with others. They had a good reference for the article. The implication to nursingwas the second objective of the paper but was not dealt in the article as elaborative as of thefirst objective. Some bias found to act against the APC and Australian Government and politics.

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