Abortion caused by mycotoxins
Mycotic (caused by mycotoxins) abortions may be seen in increased numbers in spring, due tocattle consuming moldy feed contaminated with mycotoxins. These abortions are typicallysporadic and occur from four months to term. Severe infection of the placenta will be seen,characterized by a leathery thickening of the areas in between the cotyledons. In about 25 percent of the cases, the fungus invades the foetus, and red or white ring-worm-like lesions can beseen in the foetal skin.
Causes of abortion
- genetic- environmental: temperature- nutritional:phytotoxinsincludingmycotoxins
- iatrogenic: administration of abortifacient drugs2.
- general infections with high fever- specific infections such as brucellosis, BVD etc.Infectious causes of abortion
Infectious factorCommon namesAbortionrateAbortiontimingRecurrenceof abortionFoetal lesions SamplesBacterial
BrucellosisBangs diseaseZoonosisUp to 80%of unvaccinatedanimalsinfected in1st or 2ndtrimester6-9monthsAbortionorstillbirth2 wk to 5mo afterinfectionMajorityabort onlyoncePlacenta: retained,cotyledonsnecrotic, red-yellow,; areabetween thickenedCalf: normal orautolytic withbronchopneumoniaplacenta, foetus, oruterine dischargeDiagnosis: maternalserology, IFAT forAbs in placenta,bacteria isolation
Vibriosis>10%5-8monthsUncommon,convalescentcowsresistant toinfectionPlacenta: mildplacentitis,hemorrhagiccotyledons and anedematousintercotyledonaryarea.Placenta, foetalabomasal contents,vaginal flushingDiagnosis:microscopicdetection, isolation