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Adela Novac - Limba romana contemporana

Adela Novac - Limba romana contemporana

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UNIVERSITATEA DE STAT „ALECU RUSSO”CATEDRA DE LIMBA ROM
Â
N
Ă
 
 LIMBA ROMANA CONTEMPORANA
 
(Note de curs)
 
Autor: AdelaNOVAC, lect. sup. dr.
 
B
ă
l
ţ
i, 2007
 
 
1
SUMAR
I. RAPORTURILE (RELA
Ţ
IILE) SINTACTICE_____________________________5
1.
 
DEFINI
Ţ
IE. TR
Ă
S
Ă
TURI GENERALE____________________________________ 52.
 
TIPOLOGIA RELA
Ţ
IILOR SINTACTICE__________________________________ 62.1.
 
rela
ţ
ia de interdependen
ţă
___________________________________________82.2.
 
rela
ţ
ia de coordonare______________________________________________102.3.
 
rela
ţ
ia de subordonare_____________________________________________122.4.
 
rela
ţ
ia de dubl
ă
subordonare________________________________________162.5.
 
rela
ţ
ia apozitiv
ă
__________________________________________________192.6.
 
rela
ţ
ia de inciden
ţă
_______________________________________________ 193.
 
UNELE CONCLUZII___________________________________________________204.
 
REFERIN
Ţ
E BIBLIOGRAFICE__________________________________________ 21
II. P
Ă
R
Ţ
ILE PRINCIPALE ALE PROPOZI
Ţ
IEI. SUBIECTUL________________22
1.
 
DEFINI
Ţ
IE. CARACTERISTICI______________________________________ 222.
 
MIJLOACE DE EXPRIMARE_________________________________________233.
 
TIPURI DE SUBIECT_______________________________________________ 253.1.
 
subiectul exprimat_____________________________________________263.1.1.
 
subiectul simplu___________________________________________ 263.1.2.
 
subiectul multiplu__________________________________________ 263.1.3.
 
subiectul complex__________________________________________ 263.1.4.
 
subiectul dezvoltat__________________________________________263.1.5.
 
subiectul dublu exprimat_____________________________________ 263.1.6.
 
subiectul compus___________________________________________ 273.2.
 
subiectul neexprimat___________________________________________ 273.2.1.
 
subiectul inclus_____________________________________________273.2.2.
 
subiectul sub
î
n
ţ
eles_________________________________________ 273.2.3.
 
subiectul nedeterminat_______________________________________273.2.4.
 
subiectul inexprimabil_______________________________________284.
 
SUBIECTUL GRAMATICAL
Ş
I SUBIECTUL LOGIC_____________________285.
 
UNELE DIFICULT
ĂŢ
I LA DETERMINAREA SUBIECTULUI_____________ 296.
 
TOPICA SUBIECTULUI_____________________________________________ 307.
 
PUNCTUA
Ţ
IA_____________________________________________________ 318.
 
INTERPRETAREA COMUNICATIV-PRAGMATIC
Ă
A SUBIECTULUI______329.
 
UNELE CONCLUZII________________________________________________ 3310.
 
REFERIN
Ţ
E BIBLIOGRAFICE________________________________________34
III.
 
ATRIBUTUL__________________________________________________________35
1.
 
FUNC
Ţ
IA SINTACTIC
Ă
DE ATRIBUT_________________________________ 352.
 
DEFINI
Ţ
IE. CARACTERISTICI_______________________________________ 363.
 
TIPURI FORMALE DE ATRIBUT_____________________________________ 373.1.
 
atribut adjectival_______________________________________________ 373.2.
 
atribut substantival_____________________________________________ 393.3.
 
atribut pronominal_____________________________________________ 403.4.
 
atribut adverbial_______________________________________________413.5.
 
atribut verbal_________________________________________________ 414.
 
CLASIFICAREA ATRIBUTELOR DUP
Ă
GRADUL DE LEG
Ă
TUR
Ă
 CU TERMENUL REGENT____________________________________________424.1.
 
atributul izolat_________________________________________________424.2.
 
atributul neizolat_______________________________________________435.
 
CLASIFICAREA ATRIBUTELOR DUP
Ă
STRUCTUR
Ă
___________________ 43
 
25.1.
 
atributul simplu________________________________________________445.2.
 
atributul multiplu______________________________________________ 446.
 
TOPICA ATRIBUTULUI_____________________________________________ 447.
 
UNELE CONCLUZII________________________________________________ 458.
 
REFERIN
Ţ
E BIBLIOGRAFICE________________________________________ 45
IV. SUBORDONATA ATRIBUTIV
Ă
________________________________________ 47
 
1. NO
Ţ
IUNI GENERALE________________________________________________472. REGENTUL SUBORDONATEI ATRIBUTIVE____________________________483. ELEMENTE INTRODUCTIVE (JONCTIVELE)___________________________ 494. CLASIFICAREA SUBORDONATEI ATRIBUTIVE ________________________524.1. atributiva determinativ
ă
________________________________________ 524.1.1. criterii de delimitare a subordonatei atributivedeterminative___________________________________________524.2. atributiva explicativ
ă
___________________________________________544.3. atributiva relativ
ă
______________________________________________544.4. atributiva conjunc
ţ
ional
ă
________________________________________555. OMONIMIA SUBORDONATEI ATRIBUTIVE CU ALTE TIPURI DESUBORDONATE____________________________________________________ 556. TOPICA SUBORDONATEI ATRIBUTIVE_______________________________ 567. UNELE CONCLUZII_________________________________________________ 578. REFERIN
Ţ
E BIBLIOGRAFICE_________________________________________58
V. A P O Z I
Ţ
I A________________________________________________________59
ARGUMENT1. RELA
Ţ
IA APOZITIV
Ă
. CARACTERISTICI. CONTROVERSE________________592. APOZI
Ţ
IA. DEFINI
Ţ
IE. CARACTERISTICI. BAZA APOZITIV
Ă
 
Ş
I UNITATEA APOZAT
Ă
(APOZI
Ţ
IA)___________________________________643. UNIT
ĂŢ
ILE RELA
Ţ
IEI APOZITIVE. COREFEREN
Ţ
IALITATEATERMENILOR________________________________________________________653.1.
baza apozitiv
ă 
________________________________________________
65
 
3.2.
exprimarea bazei apozitive______________________________________
66
 
3.2.1.
exprimarea apozi
 ţ 
iei_________________________________________
66
 
4. CLASIFICAREA APOZI
Ţ
IEI____________________________________________674.1.
din punct de vedere morfologic__________________________________
67
 
4.2.
din punct de vedere structural___________________________________
69
 
4.3.
din punct de vedere semantic____________________________________
71
 
5. M
Ă
RCILE RELA
Ţ
IEI APOZITIVE_______________________________________ 716. IZOLAREA APOZI
Ţ
IEI________________________________________________ 737. UNELE CONCLUZII___________________________________________________748. REFERIN
Ţ
E BIBLIOGRAFICE__________________________________________ 75
VI.
 
PROPOZI
Ţ
IA APOZITIV
Ă
_____________________________________________76
1. DEFINI
Ţ
IE. CARACTERISTICI__________________________________________762. ELEMENTE DE REFERIN
ŢĂ
____________________________________________763. ELEMENTE „INTRODUCTIVE”_________________________________________ 774. CLASIFICAREA PROPOZI
Ţ
IEI APOZITIVE_______________________________785. TOPICA______________________________________________________________796. PUNCTUA
Ţ
IA________________________________________________________797. CONTRAGEREA______________________________________________________798. REFERIN
Ţ
E BIBLIOGRAFICE__________________________________________ 80

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