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Colleges 2020 Intro for Web

Colleges 2020 Intro for Web

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Colleges2020
ContentsandIntroduction
EditedbyTonyDolphinandJonathanClifton
EDUCATIONWWW.IPPR.ORGPUBLICSERVICES
 
Contents
Aboutippr.................................................................................................................... 2Acknowledgements...................................................................................................... 2Aboutthecontributors................................................................................................ 3Preface
RtHonDavidBlunkettMP 
........................................................................................................ 4
Foreword
MartinDoel
................................................................................................................................ 6
Introduction
 JonathanClifton
........................................................................................................................ 7
1.Trendsandfunding
 JulianGravatt 
.......................................................................................................................... 12
2.Openforbusiness:cancollegesbecomesitesforentrepreneurship?
TerryWarburton
....................................................................................................................... 24
3.Thesocialvalueoffurthereducationandadultlearning
 J.D.CarpentieriandJohnVorhaus
.......................................................................................... 34
4.Theglobalcollege
 JillRutter 
................................................................................................................................. 47
5.Freshdirectionsforteachingandlearninginfurthereducation
 AlanBrown
................................................................................................................ 656.Challengestodesignersofthefuturecollege
 JohnBryan
.............................................................................................................................. 78
7.Collegesintheirlocalcontext
 JohnWiddowson
..................................................................................................................... 88
8.UScommunitycollegesandlessonsforBritishfurthereducationcolleges
KevinJ.Dougherty 
.................................................................................................................. 93
9.Conclusion:Aviewfromoutsidethecollegesystem
TonyDolphin
......................................................................................................................... 106
Colleges2020
EditedbyTonyDolphinandJonathanClifton
InstituteforPublicPolicyResearch
©ippr2010
 
Colleges2020
3
Introduction
 JonathanClifton
ThepastdecadehasbeengoodforcollegesinBritain,eveniftherehavebeensomebumpsalongtheway.Theyreceivedasteadyincreaseingovernmentspending,from£4billionin2000to£6billionbytheendofthedecade,andtherewasconsiderableinvestmentinstaffandneglectedbuildings(seeGravatt,thisvolume).Inthe2007–8academicyeartherewere435collegesacrossBritainandtogethertheyemployedjustunder300,000staff 
1
(LLUK2009a).Thesestaffsawtheirsalariesriseyearonyearthroughoutmostofthedecade.
2
Thedecadewasalsogoodforthecentralroleofcolleges:teachingandlearning.Thenumberoflearnerspassingthroughcollegesincreased,andinthelastacademicyeartherewere4.75millionlearnersonLearningandSkillsCouncil(LSC)-fundedcoursesinEnglandalone(seeCarpentieriandVorhaus,thisvolume).Theteachingroleof collegeshasdiversified,andtheynowaccountforoverhalfofallA-Levelprovision.Completionandsatisfactionrateshavealsoimproved.Ingeneral,othermeasuresof performancehavebeenpositive.TheFEcollegesuccessrateinEnglandin2007/8was80.7percent,exceedingthetargettheGovernmentsetforitby4percent.Apprenticeshipcompletionshavealsoexceededtheirtargets,althoughthereismoreworktobedoneonimprovingadultskills(DataService2010).Whilecollegesoccasionallyhittheheadlinesforthewrongreasons–suchasoutdatedbuildings–thepicturewasgenerallyoneofavibrantsectordaringtobeoptimisticaboutitsfuture.Howeverthepointofthisbookisnottolookback,buttolookforward.For
Colleges 2020
,ippraskedleadingpractitionersandresearcherstolayoutwherecollegesshouldbein10years’timeandthechallengestheyfaceingettingthere.Asthechapterswerebeingwrittenthefuturebegantolookincreasinglyuncertain.Economicstormcloudsburstoverhead;anewskillsagendawasreleasedbytheGovernment;collegebuildingprojectsgroundtoahalt;itwasannouncedthattheLearningandSkillsCouncilistobesplitupandlocalauthoritiesaretobegivenmorecontroloverfunding;andasurgeofyoungunemployedpeopleregisteringforcoursessqueezedresourcesharderthanever.Whileitiseasytofocusontheimmediatethreatscollegesface–andtheyareconsiderable–changestoBritishsocietywillalsopresentFEinparticularwithopportunities:
1.Thisfigureisthenumberofstaffcontractsissuedbycolleges.Somestaffmayhavebeenissuedmorethanonecontractandthereforethefigureforactualstaffmaybeslightlylower.2.Between2003/4and2007/8femalesalariesroseby11.8%andmalesalariesroseby8.2%-thedifferenceisduetoattemptstonarrowthegenderpaygap(LLUK2009b).

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