Conglomerate rocks and breccia are composed of large rock fragments butthey are differentiated from each other by the shape of the fragments where breccia (shown in picture) fragments are sharp and angular whereasconglomerates are smooth and round.
are rocks that are formed from materials generated by livingorganisms. Limestone and Coal are the most common organic rocks.
Limestone is maily composed of calcium carbonate. Some oceanicorganisms, such as corals and mussels, extract calcium carbonate from the water to form their hard shells and parts. When such organisms die, theshells fall on the ocean floor to form layers and with time they compactand cement to form limestones.( shown in picture)
Chalk is a fine grained, whitish limestone that forms on the bottom of ancient oceans. Chalk differs from limestone by being soft and rubs outeasily.
Coal forms in swamps from the decayed material of land plants. As theplants die, they gradually from thick layers that hardens into peat which will be buried under clay and sand. Over a period of time, the change inpressure changes peat into lignite and then into black coal.
are rocks that form when minerals come out of the solutionand crystallizes. Most chemical rocks form by evaporation. those rocks formed by water evaporation from oceans and lakes are called
Evaporites are held together by tightly interlocking crystals. Halite ortable salt is the most common known evaporite.( shown in picture)
All rocks disintegrate when exposed to chemical andmecanical weathering.
is the breakdown of rock by chemical reaction.In this process the minerals within the rock are changed into particles thatcan be easily carried away. Air and water are both involved in many complex chemical reactions.Rock particles in the form of clay, silt, sand,and gravel are transported by the agents of erosion (usually water, and lessfrequently, ice and wind) to new locations and redeposited in layers,generally at a lower elevation. These deposited particles eventually becomecompacted and cemented together, forming clastic sedimentary rocks.