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Www.wineYardProjects.com

Www.wineYardProjects.com

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Published by rajani02

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Published by: rajani02 on Mar 09, 2010
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04/14/2014

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WK216 www.WineYardProjects.com
Wine Yard Technologies, A2, II Floor, Eureka Court, Beside Image Hospitals, Himayathnagar, Hyderabad -73R&D Center: 3-5-587, Near Narayana College, Vittalwadi, Himayathnagar, Hyderabad -29
Title of the project:89C51 Microcontroller Based Speed control oDC motor using PWM TechniqueDomain:Embedded Systems Design
Software:Embedded C, Keil, Proload
Microcontroller:AT89C51Power Supply:+5V, 500mA Regulated Power Supply+12V, 500mA for DC motorDisplay:a) LCDb) LEDLCD:HD44780 16-character, 2-line (16X2)LED:5mm White-in-Red, 5mm White-in-BlueCrystal:11.0592MHzOptocoupler:ILQ74H-Bridge:L293Developed By:M/S Wine Yard Technologies3-6-148/1/A, Opp HDFC Bank,Liberty Road, Himayathnagar, Hyd –29Phone:040-65178887,www.wineyard.bizFax::040-30528887
 
WK216 www.WineYardProjects.com
Wine Yard Technologies, A2, II Floor, Eureka Court, Beside Image Hospitals, Himayathnagar, Hyderabad -73R&D Center: 3-5-587, Near Narayana College, Vittalwadi, Himayathnagar, Hyderabad -29
Abstract89C51 Microcontroller Based Speed control of DC motor usingPWM Technique
A pulse width modulator (PWM) is a device that may be used as anefficient DC motor speed controller or light dimmer. This project is a versatiledevice that can control DC devices which draw up to a few amps of current.The circuit may be used in either 12 or 24 Volt systems with only a few minorwiring changes. This device has been used to control the speed of the DCmotor and to control brightness of an automotive tail lamp.A PWM circuit works by making a square wave with a variable on-to-offratio, the average on time may be varied from 0 to 100 percent. In thismanner, a variable amount of power is transferred to the load. The mainadvantage of a PWM circuit over a resistive power controller is the efficiency,at a 50% level, the PWM will use about 50% of full power, almost all of whichis transferred to the load, a resistive controller at 50% load power wouldconsume about 71% of full power, 50% of the power goes to the load and theother 21% is wasted heating the series resistor.One additional advantage of pulse width modulation is that the pulsesreach the full supply voltage and will produce more torque in a motor by beingable to overcome the internal motor resistances more easily. Two push-to-onswitches are provided forincreasing / decreasing the speed of the motor. Twomore push-to-on switches are provided to rotate the motor in Clock wise / Counter clock wise direction. 16X2 LCD is connected to display the speedlevel of the motor and the direction. LED indication is also provided for visualindication.A buzzer is provided for audio indication of DC motor speed variationand change in direction. Whenever the speed is increased / decreased, thesystem acknowledges by a short beep. This buzzer is driven by transistordriver circuit.
 
WK216 www.WineYardProjects.com
Wine Yard Technologies, A2, II Floor, Eureka Court, Beside Image Hospitals, Himayathnagar, Hyderabad -73R&D Center: 3-5-587, Near Narayana College, Vittalwadi, Himayathnagar, Hyderabad -29
This project uses regulated 5V, 500mA & 12V, 500mA power supply.7805 and 7812 three terminal voltage regulators are used for voltageregulation. Bridge type full wave rectifier is used to rectify the ac out put ofsecondary of 230/12V step down transformer.

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