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The Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element

The Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element

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Published by gyuvaraj10

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Published by: gyuvaraj10 on Mar 09, 2010
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08/12/2011

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MEMRISTOR 
THE FOURTH FUNDAMENTAL CIRCUIT ELEMENT 
Submitted by: Arun SRoll No : 05EC7 B, YCET
 
ABSTRACT
Memristor is a contraction of ”memory resistor,” because that is exactly its function:to remember its history. A memristor is a two-terminal device whose resistance depends on themagnitude and polarity of the voltage applied to it and the length of time that voltage has beenapplied. When you turn off the voltage, the memristor remembers its most recent resistance untilthe next time you turn it on, whether that happens a day later or a year later.Memristor relates charge moving through a circuit and the magnetic flux surrounded by that circuit similar to what a nonlinear resistor provides between voltage and current. In practice, that would mean the device’s resistance would vary according to the amount of chargethat passed through it. And it would remember that resistance value even after the current wasturned off. Memristor behavior could not be duplicated by any circuit built using only the other three elements, which is why the memristor is truly fundamental. Implementation of thememristor can dramatically change the size and performance of our existing circuits.Experiments shows that it requires a circuit containing 15 transistors and other passive elementsis required to emulate the behavior of a single Memristor.As a fundamental circuit element, Memristor is going to revolutionize our world. Itwill reduce the size of present supercomputers as well as reduce the booting time of your PC. Itwill also help in the development of intelligent devices having memory thereby taking artificialintelligence as well as robotics to a higher level.

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