Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
15Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Hindu History Lesson chapter 2: 300-1100

Hindu History Lesson chapter 2: 300-1100

Ratings:

4.0

(1)
|Views: 312 |Likes:
Published by Hinduism Today
This is the second chapter of Hinduism Today's accurate portrayal of Hinduism for children, a response to America's incomplete and often wrong schoolbooks.
This is the second chapter of Hinduism Today's accurate portrayal of Hinduism for children, a response to America's incomplete and often wrong schoolbooks.

More info:

Published by: Hinduism Today on Mar 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/14/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Nt t Stuts, Pts  Tcs
 This Educational Insight is the second chapter in our serieson Hindu history intended or use in US primary schools.During this period, India was the richest region o theworld and one o the most populous. Great agriculturalabundance, plus plentiul natural resources, were key tothe region’s prosperity. India lay in the center o the world’sancient trade routes. Merchants sent spices, cotton, sugarand exotic items east to China and west to Europe. Hindureligion and culture and the Sanskrit language linked all o India. Great scientic discoveries as well as major religiousmovements came out o this advanced and stable society. This lesson was written and designed by the editorialstaf o 
H
induism
oday
in collaboration with Dr. Shiva Baj-pai, Proessor Emeritus o History, Caliornia State University,Northridge. Academic reviewers: Dr. Klaus Klostermaier,Proessor o Religious Studies, University o Manitoba; Dr.Jefrey D. Long, Chair, Department o Religious Studies, Eliz-abethtown College; Dr. Vasudha Narayanan, DistinguishedProessor, Department o Religion, University o Florida; Dr.Anantanand Rambachan, Proessor o Religion, St. Ola Col-lege; Dr. T.S. Rukmani, Proessor and Chair in Hindu Studies,Concordia University. Research Assistant: Justin Stein, MAcandidate at the University o Hawaii and ormer middleschool teacher in New York.
  v  i   c  t   o  r  i   a   a   n  d    a  l  b  e  r  t  m   u   s  e   u  m
CHAPTER
2
october/november/december, 2008
 
hinduism today
I-1
HinduIndia:300 to1100 ce
During these eight centuries,empires, religion, commerce,science, technology, literatureand art fourished in India.In ways vitally importantto Hindus to this day, theHindu aith was advancedby temple building, theBhakti Movement, holy textsand great philosophers,saints and sages.
This is an 8th century South Indian bronze o Supreme God Siva asNataraja. This divine dance depicts His fve cosmic powers o creation,preservation, dissolution, veiling grace and revealing grace.
 
sECTion
1
What You Will Learn...
1.
Ancient Indians regarded thesubcontinent as one country.
2.
From 300 to 1100 ce, Indiawas a land o prosperitywhose economic, religiousand cultural inuenceextended across Asia.
3.
Empires and kingdoms domi-nated most o India. Towardthe end o this period, moreregional powers emerged.
Main Ideas
B
uilding
B
ACkgRound
 
The 4th-century
Vishnu Purana
describesIndia: “The country that lies north o the ocean and south o thesnowy mountains is called Bharata, or there dwelt the descendantso Bharata. It is the land o works, in consequence o which peoplego to heaven, and ultimately attain oneness with God.”
Understanding India
The triangle-shaped Indian subcontinent is naturally bounded byocean on two sides and the high Himalayan mountains on the third.Hindu tradition, scriptures and the Sanskrit language link peoplefrom one end to the other of this immense and fertile area. Ourperiod,
300
to
1100
ce, was a golden age in India. There was wide-spread prosperity and remarkable social stability. Advances weremade in science, medicine and technology. Many Hindu saints livedduring this time and magnicent temples were built. Hinduism aspracticed today evolved over this glorious period of Indian history.
Geographical regions
There are three major geographical regions in India. The rst regionis the Indo-Gangetic Plain. This vast, fertile region stretches north-east and southwest along the base of the Himalayas. During our pe-riod, this area was heavily forested. The second region is the DeccanPlateau, bounded by the Vindhya mountain range in the north andthe Nilgiri Hills in the south. It contains several major rivers and isrich in minerals. The third region is South India, the area south of the Nilgiri Hills extending to Kanyakumari at the tip of India. It hasrich agricultural farm lands.
This column in each of thethree sections presents oursubject outline for India andHinduism from 300 to 1100 ce.1.
Describe the physical andlinguistic geography o India,along with population gures.
2.
Describe the major empiresand kingdoms, including theGuptas, Vakatakas, Chalukyas,Pallavas, Rashtrakutas,Pratiharas, Palas and Cholas.
3
. Discuss the importance o Sanskrit and the
DharmaShastras
in uniting India.
4
. Describe India’s early Arabtrade settlements and thelater Islamic invasions.
H
induism
T
odAy
s
Teaching StandardsThe Big Idea
Hindu culture, Sanskrit lan-guage and imperial traditionunied India during this age.
I-2
hinduism today october/november/december, 2008
Of Kings andProsperity
I 
 YOU
v t...
You live in a village in a small kingdom in central India. One day youhear that the king o a neighboring realm has attacked your king andconquered the royal city. The conquerer demands that your king paya portion o his income. In return, he will allow your king to continueto rule, and also protect the kingdom rom others.
Should your king accept the offer?
 
 Pataliputra
 Nalanda
Vikramashila
Puhar
 
Kashi
This satellite photo showsIndia’s three major regions, itsprincipal rivers and the majorcities o the period 300 to 1100.India lay at the center o thebustling sea and land traderoutes to Europe, Arabia, Persia,China and Southeast Asia
october/november/december, 2008
 
hinduism today
I-3
Language areas
India is divided linguistically into two majorregions. In the north are mainly Sanskrit-based languages, such as Hindi. In thesouth are the Dravidian languages, suchas Tamil, which include many Sanskritwords. This division cuts across the middleof the Deccan Plateau. Often today whenpeople speak of South India, they mean theDravidian-speaking areas. These are themodern-day states of Andhra Pradesh, Kar-nataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. During ourperiod, regional dialects developed withinboth the Sanskrit and Dravidian areas.Sanskrit was the language of religion, lawand government throughout India. Trav-elers could use Sanskrit to communicatewherever they went on the subcontinent.
Empires and regional kingdoms
In
300
ce, an estimated
42
million peo-ple lived in India,
23%
of the world’spopulation of 
180
million. Approxi-mately
60%
of the Indian people livedin the Indo-Gangetic Plain. There weremany towns and cities, but more than
90
% of the population lived in villages.As our period began, the Indo-GangeticPlain again became the most importantregion of India, as it had been in the past.From
300
to
550
, the Imperial Guptasestablished an extensive empire from theHimalayas deep into the south of India.Samudra Gupta (
335-370
) was the mostheroic conqueror. The reign of his son,Chandra Gupta II Vikramaditya (
375-414
),was the most brilliant in the entire Hindu
A
CAdEmiC
 V
oCABulARy
autonomy
sel-rule,independence
 
I  d  i   P  l  i  
DeccanPlateau
Arabian SeaBay of BengalHimalayas
SouthIndia
Sri LankaNepalAfghanistan
i
ndiA
: g
EogRAPHy
DravidianSanskritLinguistic Regions
Madurai
Kanyakumari
Kannauj
Ellora
Ujjain
Sindh Region
 
Valabhi
Bharuch
AmaravatiTamralipti
Deval
Mathura
Sakala
KashmirRegionMultan
Badami
Somnath
ThanjavurManyakheta
G  n  G   R  i  v  e  R   
 B Ra hma p u t Ra  R i v e R
G   o   d   a   v    a   R   i    R   i   v    e   R    
 
 Ka v e R i  R i v e R 
 na R ma da  R i v e R 
 K R i s h na  R i v e R
vindhya RanGe
 
 n i l G i R i  h i l l s
  s   i   n   d   h   u    R   i   v   e   R 
y   a  m   u   n   a   R   i   v   e   R    
Vanga RegionPuri
Kanchipuram
GhazniTakshashila

Activity (15)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Patel Uday liked this
vijayang liked this
vijayang liked this
rraa liked this
Abaks Shetty liked this
ramn3 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->