What You Will Learn...
Ancient Indians regarded thesubcontinent as one country.
From 300 to 1100 ce, Indiawas a land o prosperitywhose economic, religiousand cultural inuenceextended across Asia.
Empires and kingdoms domi-nated most o India. Towardthe end o this period, moreregional powers emerged.
describesIndia: “The country that lies north o the ocean and south o thesnowy mountains is called Bharata, or there dwelt the descendantso Bharata. It is the land o works, in consequence o which peoplego to heaven, and ultimately attain oneness with God.”
The triangle-shaped Indian subcontinent is naturally bounded byocean on two sides and the high Himalayan mountains on the third.Hindu tradition, scriptures and the Sanskrit language link peoplefrom one end to the other of this immense and fertile area. Ourperiod,
ce, was a golden age in India. There was wide-spread prosperity and remarkable social stability. Advances weremade in science, medicine and technology. Many Hindu saints livedduring this time and magnicent temples were built. Hinduism aspracticed today evolved over this glorious period of Indian history.
There are three major geographical regions in India. The rst regionis the Indo-Gangetic Plain. This vast, fertile region stretches north-east and southwest along the base of the Himalayas. During our pe-riod, this area was heavily forested. The second region is the DeccanPlateau, bounded by the Vindhya mountain range in the north andthe Nilgiri Hills in the south. It contains several major rivers and isrich in minerals. The third region is South India, the area south of the Nilgiri Hills extending to Kanyakumari at the tip of India. It hasrich agricultural farm lands.
This column in each of thethree sections presents oursubject outline for India andHinduism from 300 to 1100 ce.1.
Describe the physical andlinguistic geography o India,along with population gures.
Describe the major empiresand kingdoms, including theGuptas, Vakatakas, Chalukyas,Pallavas, Rashtrakutas,Pratiharas, Palas and Cholas.
. Discuss the importance o Sanskrit and the
in uniting India.
. Describe India’s early Arabtrade settlements and thelater Islamic invasions.
Teaching StandardsThe Big Idea
Hindu culture, Sanskrit lan-guage and imperial traditionunied India during this age.
hinduism today october/november/december, 2008
Of Kings andProsperity
You live in a village in a small kingdom in central India. One day youhear that the king o a neighboring realm has attacked your king andconquered the royal city. The conquerer demands that your king paya portion o his income. In return, he will allow your king to continueto rule, and also protect the kingdom rom others.
Should your king accept the offer?