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Geomorfolofi

Geomorfolofi

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Published by: lele_item on Mar 10, 2010
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06/16/2013

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GEOMORFOLOFIGEOMORFOLOFI
PENDAHULUANPENDAHULUAN
 
DEFINISIDEFINISI
Geomorfologi dari bahasa Yunani kuno,Geomorfologi dari bahasa Yunani kuno,geo = bumi, morfo = bentuk, logos = ilmu,geo = bumi, morfo = bentuk, logos = ilmu,(“(“
landscapelandscape
”).”).Mula-mula digunakan istilah fisiografi.Mula-mula digunakan istilah fisiografi.Di Eropa fisiografi diartikan sebagai ilmuDi Eropa fisiografi diartikan sebagai ilmuyang mempelajari rangkuman tentang iklim,yang mempelajari rangkuman tentang iklim,meteorologi, oceanogcafi dan geografi.meteorologi, oceanogcafi dan geografi.Akan tetapi paraAkan tetapi para
pakar pakar 
Amerika tidakAmerika tidaksependapat karenasependapat karena
bidangbidang
ilmu yangilmu yangmempelajari roman muka bumi eratmempelajari roman muka bumi erathubungannya dengan ilmu geologi, merekahubungannya dengan ilmu geologi, merekalebih cenderung memakai istilahlebih cenderung memakai istilahGeomorfologi.Geomorfologi.
 
REFERENSIREFERENSIDEFINISIDEFINISI
GeomorphologyGeomorphologyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to:Jump to:navigationnavigation,,searchsearch Surface of the EarthSurface of the Earth
GeomorphologyGeomorphology
is the study of is the study of landformslandforms, including their origin, including their originand evolution, and the processes that shape them. The underlyingand evolution, and the processes that shape them. The underlyingquestion is: Why doquestion is: Why dolandscapeslandscapeslook the way they do? The term islook the way they do? The term isderived from the Greekderived from the Greek
γη, geγη, ge
, meaning, meaning
EarthEarth
, and, and
 μορφή, morfé μορφή, morfé
,,meaning form. Geomorphologists seek to understand landformmeaning form. Geomorphologists seek to understand landformhistory and dynamics, and predict future changes through ahistory and dynamics, and predict future changes through acombination of field observation, physical experiment, andcombination of field observation, physical experiment, andnumericalnumericalmodelingmodeling. The discipline is practiced within. The discipline is practiced withingeologygeology,,geodesygeodesy,,geographygeography,,archaeologyarchaeology, and, andcivilcivilandandenvironmental engineeringenvironmental engineering. Early studies in geomorphology are. Early studies in geomorphology arethe foundation for the foundation for pedologypedology, one of two main branches of ,one of two main branches of soil sciencesoil science..Landforms evolve in response to a combination of natural andLandforms evolve in response to a combination of natural andanthropogenicanthropogenicprocesses. The landscape is built up throughprocesses. The landscape is built up throughtectonic uplifttectonic upliftandandvolcanismvolcanism..DenudationDenudationoccurs byoccurs byerosionerosionandandmass wastingmass wasting, which produces sediment that is transported and, which produces sediment that is transported anddepositeddepositedelsewhere within the landscape or off the coast.elsewhere within the landscape or off the coast.Landscapes are also lowered by subsidence, either due toLandscapes are also lowered by subsidence, either due totectonics or physical changes in underlying sedimentary deposits.tectonics or physical changes in underlying sedimentary deposits.These processes are each influenced differently byThese processes are each influenced differently byclimateclimate,,ecologyecology, and human activity., and human activity.Practical applications of geomorphology includePractical applications of geomorphology includelandslidelandslide prediction and mitigation,prediction and mitigation,river river control and restoration, coastalcontrol and restoration, coastalprotection, and assessing the presence of water onprotection, and assessing the presence of water onMarsMars..
PaleogeomorphologyPaleogeomorphology
is the study of the geomorphology of all or is the study of the geomorphology of all or part of the earth's surface at some time in the earth's pastpart of the earth's surface at some time in the earth's past

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