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Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals

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Published by S.Rengasamy
Learning material to understand the Millennium Development Goals for MSW students doing their community development specialization in the affiliated colleges of Madurai Kamaraj University
Learning material to understand the Millennium Development Goals for MSW students doing their community development specialization in the affiliated colleges of Madurai Kamaraj University

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Published by: S.Rengasamy on Mar 10, 2010
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03/10/2013

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S.Rengasamy - Millennium Development Goals
1
Millennium Development Goals
 – 
 History, importance, goals, strategies and targets
Overview of Millennium Development GoalsHistory
A three daysummit held on 6-8 September,2000atNew York was the largest-ever gathering of worldleaders. The World leaders unanimously adopted a"United Nations Millennium Declaration"(http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htmat)the conclusion of their Millennium Summit.The Declaration was the main document of theSummit and it contained a statement of values,principles and objectives for the international agendafor the twenty-first century. It also set deadlines formany collective actions.In an address delivered at the concluding meeting of the Summit, United Nations Secretary-General KofiAnnan told world leaders that it had sketched outclear directions for adapting the Organization to its
role in the new century. “It lies in your power, and therefore is your responsibility,
to reach the
 
Evolution of millennium declarations: back ground
 
 
World summit for children-1990
 
ICPD, 1994
 
International development goals, 1996
 
Millennium summit declarations, 2000
Paradigm shift in concept & definition of development
 
 
Basic concept of development
 
Indicators of development
 
Defining developing and developed countries
 
Concept of purchasing power parity (PPP) and gross national income per capita in PPP (US $)
 
Changing concept of development: A historical perspectives
 
Human resources development and human development
 
Dimension of human development
 
Measurement of human development: HDI, HPI and GDI
 
Linking MDGs to human development
The millennium development goals: an overview
 
 
List of goals and indicators
 
Global scenario of MDGs
 
Current scenario of MDGs: developing and developed countries, regional scenario, countryspecific scenario
Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerAchieve universal primary educationPromote gender equality and empower womenReduce child mortalityImprove maternal healthCombat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseasesEnsure environmental sustainabilityDevelop a global partnership for development
Millennium
Development
 
Goals
 
The
 
Millennium
 
Development
 
Goals
 
(MDGs)
were
 
developed
 
as
 
an
 
outcome
 
of 
 
the
 
United Nations
 
Millennium
Summit in
September
 
2000,
drawn
from
the
 
Millennium
 
Declaration
 
which
was
 
adopted
 
by
 
189
 
nations
 
The
 
eight
 
Millennium
 
Development
 
Goals
represent
 
an
 
agreed
 
agenda
for
bothdeveloping
 
and
 
developed
 
countries,
 
working
together
in
partnership,
 
to
 
reduce
 
poverty
 
and advance
 
human
 
development
in
a
 
range
 
of 
critical
 
areas
 
by
 
2015.
 
The
 
MDGs
 
have
 
become a
 
key
 
international
 
mechanism
for
development
planning
 
and
 
measuring
 
the
 
effectiveness
 
of 
 
aid. The
 
eight
 
MDGs
 
are
 
accompanied
 
by
 
a
 
set
 
of 
twenty
 
specific
 
tar
gets
 —
revised
 in
October
 
2007
when
 
the
 
United
 
Nations
 
General
 
 Assembly
adopted
four
additional
 
tar
gets
 —
and
sixty
indicators
 
effective
from
15
 
Janua
r
y
 
2008.
 
 
S.Rengasamy - Millennium Development Goals
2
12345678
 Achieve UniversalPrimary Education
 
Eradicate ExtremePoverty & Hunger
 
Promote Gender Equality & Empower WomenReduce ChildMortalityImprove MaternalHealthCombat HIV/AIDS Malaria& Other DiseasesEnsure EnvironmentalSustainabilityDevelop a Global Partnership forDevelopment
MillenniumDevelopmentGoals (MDG)
 
goals that you have defined”, he declared. "Only you
can determine whether the United Nationsrises to the challenge. For my part, I hereby re-dedicate myself, as from today, to carrying outyour mandate."The Declaration reaffirmed Member States' faith in the United Nations and its Charter asindispensable for a more peaceful, prosperous and just world. The collective responsibility of thegovernments of the world to uphold human dignity, equality and equity is recognized, as is theduty of world leaders to all people, and especially children and the most vulnerable.The leaders declared that the central challenge of today was to ensure that globalization becomesa positive force for all, acknowledging that at present both its benefits and its costs are unequally
 
S.Rengasamy - Millennium Development Goals
3
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/ydiDavidGordon_poverty.pdf 
IndicatorsTarget 1a: Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
 
 
1.1 Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
 
1.2 Poverty gap ratio
 
1.3 Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
Target 1b: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
 
 
1.4 Growth rate of GDP per person employed
 
1.5 Employment-to-population ratio
 
1.6 Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
 
1.7 Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
Target 1c: Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
 
 
1.8 Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
 
1.9 Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
 
Global Developmental Issues
Poverty Education HealthSustainableDevelopmentMDG 1
Eradicate extremepoverty and hunger
MDG 4
Reduce childmortality
MDG 2
Achieve universalprimary education
MDG 3
Promote genderequality &emower women
MDG 5
Improve maternalhealth
MDG 6
Combat HIV andAIDS, malaria andother diseases
MDG 7
Ensureenvironmentalsustainabilit
MDG 8
Develop a globalpartnership fordevelopment
shared. The Declaration called for global policies and measures, corresponding to the needs of developing countries and economies in transition.
Four Core Themes of the Millennium Development Goals
Four core themes encompass the eight Millennium Development Goals. Each theme addresses two of thegoals, as illustrated in the diagram below. 
The Summit Declaration cited freedom, equality (of individuals and nations), solidarity,tolerance, respect for nature and shared responsibility as six values fundamental to internationalrelations for the twenty-first century.
Goal one: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Areas of Understanding and Action
 
Definition of poverty and hunger:
Absolute and relative poverty, malnutrition and
 
under nutrition.

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