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Nationalism and the Phil Revolt

Nationalism and the Phil Revolt

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Published by kbj_batch09
made by mr. torres DLSU prof
made by mr. torres DLSU prof

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: kbj_batch09 on Mar 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/13/2010

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2/7/20101
Nationalism andThe PhilippineRevolution
Notes on the Chapters of theRevolt for Freedom
Nationalism
-a product of political, economic, socialand intellectual factors at a certain stagein history.-it is a condition of mind, feeling orsentiment of a group of people living in awell-defined geographical area, speakinga common language, possessing aliterature that expresses the aspirations ofthe nation, has its heroes and a common
religion
-itisnecessarythatallofthesearepresentforthemanifestationofnationalism-itcanalsocometoapointthattheideasandaspirationsmightbesothatthegroupmustbewillingtostriveforandsacrificeforit.TheRiseofPhilippineNationalism
ContributingFactors1.OpeningofPhilippinestoworldtrade-withtheendofthegalleontradeupontheindependenceofMexicoin1815,theSpanishcolonialgovernmentdecidedtoopenthecountrytotheEuropeanandAmericanmarkets.
 
2/7/20102
2.ThecomingofLiberalismtothecountry-theAgeofReasonsawthecomingofnewthinkingbyphilosopherslikeJohnLockeandJohnJacquesRosseauinEurope-
theconsentofthegoverned-therightsofthepeoplemustbeprotectedbythe
gov’t
-therighttorevoltifthegovernmentfails-manifbornfreeandhastherighttochoosehisgovernment-religioustoleration
 
3.Racialprejudice-sinceliberalphilosophyreiteratesthat
“men
arecreated
equal”,
racialprejudicebecameanunacceptednorminsociety.4.secularizationissue-thesecularizationoftheparishestobehandledbytheFilipinopriestsledtoprotestsbythefriarsand,later,thedeathofGomburza.
 
FilipinoReactions
The PropagandaMovement (1880-1895)-the Filipinos inSpain wantedassimilation butthe movementeventually failed.
ThePhilippineRevolution
The first movestowardsindependencethrough anuprising began inJuly 7, 1892when theKatipunan wasestablished byAndres Bonifacio.
ThemovementexistedforfouryearsbeforeitwasfinallydiscoveredbytheSpaniardsonAugust19,1896.
TheKatipunerosfledtoPugadLawinwhere,onAugust23,1896,theytoretheircedulasandbegantherevoltthatbecameknowninourhistoryas
“The
PhilippineRevolutionof1896.
TherevoltquicklyspreadtotheprovincesandsoontheSpaniardshadafull-scaleinsurrectionintheirhands.ThePugadLawinsitetoday
 
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OnAugust31,theCavitenosledbyEmilioAguinaldorevoltedand,inashorttime,tookovertheentireprovince.
InManila,BonifacioandhismensuffereddefeatsaftertheSpanishforcesregainedtheirmomentumand,withthehelpofreinforcements,quelledtherevoltinthecity.BonifacioandhisgroupwereforcedtofleetothehillsofRizal.
The Katipunan in Cavite
TheKatipunaninCavitewascomposedotwogroups:theMagdiwang(theBonifaciogroupheadedbyMarianoAlvarez)andtheMagdalo(headedbyBaldomero Aguinaldo).
 A feud between the two factions led the
Magdiwang to invite Bonifacio to visit theprovince and intervene in the conflict.Bonifacio arrived in Cavite in December,1896.
The conflict worsened when Bonifaciodecided to side with the Magdiwang overthe issue of leadership during their meetingin Imus. The Magdalo group proposed thata revolutionary government be establishedto settle the feud once and for all.
OnMarch22,1897,thefirstpresidentialelectionswereheldinthe
friars’
estatehouseinTejeros,SanFranciscodeMalabon(nowGeneralTrias).

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