Lab Activity No. 3
COMBUSTION AND AIR QUALITY
By the end of the activity, the student will be able to1.
Understand the nature of combustion2.
Appreciate desirable combustion characteristics of fuels
matches, small candle, Bunsen burner (
), alcohol burner, hexane,toluene, naphthalene balls, blue and red litmus paper
Light a match and place a moist blue litmus paper over the flame (hold the litmus paper with tongs). Maintain enough distance between the flame and the paper sothat it does not burn. The idea is to allow the gaseous products of combustion toreact with the moisture and the litmus dye. Note the color of the litmus paper.Repeat the procedure using red litmus paper. Do the same with the other flamesources (candle, match, alcohol lamp). Write your observations.2.
The following must be done inside a fume hood
. Place about 5 mL of hexane in an evaporating dish and carefully ignite it with a lighted match.Observe the color and general appearance of the flame. Hold a secondevaporating dish with tongs over the flame, allowing the flame to come in contactwith the bottom. Observe soot formation (if any). Do the same, separately, for toluene and naphthalene. Compare with the flame of the alcohol lamp. Hold anevaporating dish over the alcohol lamp flame. Note your observations.