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d3804a15 Com Networks 4

d3804a15 Com Networks 4

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06/14/2013

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Home Work-4
CAP306: Computer Networks
SUBMITTED TO: - SUBMITTED BY:-Lect. Jasleen SURENDRAMCA 3
nd
SEMROLL NO- D3804A15REGD NO- 10806601
Declaration:
I declare that this assignment is my individual work. I have not copied from any other student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgment is madeexplicitly in the text, nor has any part been written for me by another person.
 
Student’s SignatureSurendra Evaluator’s comments: _____________________________________________________________________ Marks obtained: ___________ out of _____________________
 
PART A
Q1.
An ISP is granted a block of addresses starting with 120.60.4.0/22. The ISP wants todistribute these blocks to 100 organizations with each organization receiving just eightaddresses. Design the sub blocks and give the slash notation for each sub block. Find out howmany addresses are still available after the allocations.
ANS:
 
The site has 232−22 = 210 =
1024
from
120.60.4.0/22
to
120.60.7.255/22
addresses. Onesolution would be to divide this block into
128
8-address. The ISP can assign the first 100sub-blocks to the current customers and keep the remaining 28 sub-blocks. Of course, thisdoes not mean the future customer have to use 8-address sub blocks. The remaining addressescan later be divided into different-size sub-blocks (as long as the three restrictions mentionedin this chapter are followed). Each sub-block has 8 addresses. The mask for each sub-block is
/29
(32 − log28). Note that the mask has changed from /22 (for the whole block) to /29 for each sub block because we have 128 sub-blocks (27 = 128).
Sub-blocks:1st subnet: 120.60.4.0/29 to 120.60.4.7/29 ... ... ...32nd subnet: 120.60.4.248/29 to 120.60.4.255/29 ... ... ...64th subnet: 120.60.5.248/29 to 120.60.5.255/29... ... ...99th subnet: 120.60.7.16/29 to 120.60.7.23/29100th subnet: 120.60.7.24/29 to 120.60.7.31/29
Q2.
An address space uses the three symbols 0, 1, and 2 to represent addresses. If eachaddress is made of 10 symbols, how many addresses are available in this system?ANSWER:It is convenient to introduce symbols to facilitate comparisons. Traditionally, {
a
} , {
b
} ,and{
c
} are associated with the counting symbol ‘1’, and {
a
,
b
} , {
a
,
c
} , and {
b
,
c
} are associatedwith ‘2’. In this example there is a concept of ‘three’. Within a given context it is assumedthat this very concept is fixed and it is referred to as the ‘base’ of the counting. If the symbol0 is used for the count all three symbols 0, 1, 2 have been introduced, and thus the concept behind the base matches the number of symbols. The fundamental notational problemconcerns the counting symbols for the selection {a, b, c}. If each address is made of 10symbols then no. of address available in the system are as follows.3^10 = 59,049.

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