Macroalgae (or seaweeds), as biofuel, have the advantage of higher growth rates compared toterrestrial crops and avoids competing with the agricultural land. Moreover, seaweeds can mitigategreenhouse gas emissions since CO
from flue gas can be utilized as carbon source in algae growth. Asidefrom that, wastewater can be used to provide nutrients for seaweed growth .Past attempts in utilizing seaweed as source of fuel started in 1970’s oil crisis. Among the programsstarted to compensate for the energy crisis, the Giant Kelp Program of United States used the brownseaweed
as energy crop. However the program was discontinued when it wasthought that the crisis was over . But with the serious problems posed by global warming and the rapiddepletion of oil reserves today, the use of aquatic biomass energy is now being reconsidered as a means of CO
mitigation. Processes that are now considered for energy generation from aquatic biomass includedirect combustion, anaerobic digestion, fermentation to alcohol, thermal liquefaction, thermalgasification, and pyrolysis . In Germany, studies are ongoing for the closed cycle Solar Oxygen FuelTurbine (SOFT) in which dried seaweeds (specifically
) are combusted in a fluidized bed boiler in Rankine cycle and the combusted products are returned to the cultivation ponds as algae nutrientssource . According to
Bruton et al.
in France, annual green tides generate about 60,000 tons of wet
, (or 8,000 tons dry weight) which have been considered to be utilized for local energy production.Seaweed species suitable for biomass energy should display high productivity in terms of standingcrop (total amount algae in a specific area at a given time) and biomass yield. The species should beeasily cultivated and harvested. Also, chemical composition of seaweeds should be accounted since itdetermines the fuel quality and dictates the process of energy production . Seaweeds that areconsidered as potential energy crops include
Macrocystis pyrifera, Laminaria, Sargassum
[3, 4,6]. These seaweeds are said to have high productivity and biomass yield (45 tons dry weight annually).Among the five species mentioned above,
species are chosen in this study because of their local abundance and little economic value
is a dominant genus in tropical andsubtropical waters in terms of standing crop, percent cover and height.
species are common in the intertidal zones of the Philippines, but, at certain times, could over- proliferate, producing blooms or ‘green tide’ in some protected bays. Common
species that proliferate in Cebu province are
. In Mactan Island(Cebu), central Philippines, at least two species constitute the
population, either as free-living or