Modern Architecture the buildings and building practices of the late 19th and the 20th centuries. The history of modernarchitecture encompasses the architects who designed those buildings, stylistic movements, and the technology andmaterials that made the new architecture possible. Modern architecture originated in the United States and Europe andspread from there to the rest of the world.
Modern architects reacted against the architecture of the 19th century, which they felt borrowed too heavilyfrom the past. They found this architecture either oppressively bound to past styles or cloyingly picturesqueand eclectic. As the 20th century began they believed it was necessary to invent an architecture thatexpressed the spirit of a new age and would surpass the styles, materials, and technologies of earlierarchitecture. This unifying purpose did not mean that their buildings would be similar in appearance, northat architects would agree on other issues.
(artistic values) of modern architects differed radically. Some architects, enraptured by thepowerful machines developed in the late 19th century, sought to devise an architecture that conveyed thesleekness and energy of a machine. Their aesthetic celebrated function in all forms of design, fromhousehold furnishings to massive ocean liners and the new flying machines. Other architects, however,found machine-like elegance inappropriate to architecture. They preferred an architecture that expressed,not the rationality of the machine, but the mystic powers of human emotion and spirit.