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Lecture Notes on Intermediate Fluid Mechanics

Lecture Notes on Intermediate Fluid Mechanics

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Fluid Dynamics
Fluid Dynamics

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Published by: osoreneg on Mar 11, 2010
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10/24/2011

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LECTURE NOTES ONINTERMEDIATE FLUID MECHANICS
Joseph M. PowersDepartment of Aerospace and Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Notre DameNotre Dame, Indiana 46556-5637USAlast updatedDecember 3, 2005
 
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Contents
1 Governing equations 13
1.1 Philosophy of rational continuum mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.1.1 Approaches to uid mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.1.2 Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141.1.3 Continuum mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151.1.4 Rational continuum mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151.1.5 Notions from Newtonian continuum mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161.2 Some necessary mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181.2.1 Vectors and Cartesian tensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191.2.1.1 Gibbs and Cartesian Index notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191.2.1.2 Rotation of axes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201.2.1.3 Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251.2.1.4 Tensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261.2.1.4.1 Denition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261.2.1.4.2 Alternating unit tensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271.2.1.4.3 Transpose, symmetric, antisymmetric, and decom-position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271.2.1.4.3.1 Transpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271.2.1.4.3.2 Symmetric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281.2.1.4.3.3 Antisymmetric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281.2.1.4.3.4 Decomposition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281.2.1.4.4 Tensor inner product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.2.1.4.5 Dual vector of a tensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.2.1.4.6 Tensor product: two tensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.2.1.4.7 Vector product: vector and tensor . . . . . . . . . . 301.2.1.4.7.1 Pre-multiplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301.2.1.4.7.2 Post-multiplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301.2.1.4.8 Dyadic product: two vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301.2.1.4.9 Contraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311.2.1.4.10 Vector cross product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311.2.1.4.11 Vector associated with a plane . . . . . . . . . . . . 311.2.2 Eigenvalues and eigenvectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333

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