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Prefix List

Prefix List

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Published by saeedkiani
A helping document for the fresh graduate students
A helping document for the fresh graduate students

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Published by: saeedkiani on Mar 11, 2010
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08/06/2013

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This list contains some of the common roots and prefixes that make up the building blocks of numerous English words. Following the table of general roots and prefixes is a table of number  prefixes.
How Words Work 
Many words are made up of a root (or base word) and a prefix. Some words also have a suffix.For example, the root word
 port 
means
to carry
or 
to bear 
. Attach the prefix
ex,
meaning
out 
or 
out of 
, and you have the word
export, to carry out 
. Attach the prefix
im,
meaning
in
or 
into
andyou have
import, to carry in.
Attach the prefix
trans,
meaning
across
, and you have
transport 
,meaning
to carry across
. Now let's attach the suffix
able
, meaning
able to be
, and you have
importable, exportable,
and
transportable.
 The very words
 prefix
and
 suffix
are good examples, too.
 Pre
means
before
and
 fix
means
to fasten or attach
, so quite literally, a prefix is something attached to the beginning of somethingelse.
Suf 
is a variant of 
 sub, below or under 
, so a suffix is something fastened underneathsomething else (in this case, behind the root).By learning the common roots and prefixes (and a few suffixes) you will be able to discern themeaning of many new words almost immediately. (But do look them up for confirmation.) Takethe word
abject 
, for example. If you know that
ab
means
away or down
and
 ject 
means
to throw
,you can easily figure out that
abject 
doesn't mean something happy. Rather 
abject's
root meaningof 
thrown down
is quite close to the dictionary defintion of cast
down in spirit 
or 
 sunk intodepression
. Note that some modern words are formed by using abbreviated forms of other words. Thus, wesee the use of the letter 
i
for 
 Internet 
in iPhone, iPod, and iTunes, indicating that these items or services work with the Internet. Similarly, the use of 
e
for 
electronic
appears in words such aselearning (and various forms: eLearning, E-Learning, and so on), e-commerce, and e-business.The "e-terms" seem to have been coined before the "i-terms" became popular. And note thatmost of the "i-terms" are trademarks, while the others are general descriptors: "I'm going todownload some iTunes from Apple's e-commerce site because I love e-music." At any rate, theseabbreviated forms are not traditional prefixes, but because they are indeed attached to the front of what amounts to root words, they could be considered functional prefixes.
General Roots and Prefixes
Root or PrefixMeaningExamples
a, annot, withoutatheist, anarchy, anonymous apathy,aphasia, anemia, atypical, anesthesiaabaway, down, from, offabsent, abduction, aberrant,abstemious, abnormal, abstract,absorbacrohigh, tip, topacrobat, acrophobia, acronym,acromegaly, acropolisactdo, moveaction, react, transaction, proactive,activity, activation, deactivate
 
adto, towardadmit, addition, advertisement,adherent, admonish, address,adhesive, adept, adjustalthighaltitude, altimeter, alto, contralto,altocumulus, exaltambulto walambulatory, amble, ambulance,somnambulist, perambulate, preambleanimasoul, lifeanimation, inanimate, animal, anime,equanimity, animism, animusantebeforeanteroom, antebellum, antedateantecedent, antediluviananti, antagainst, oppositeantisocial, antiseptic, antithesis,antibody, antichrist, antinomies,antifreeze, antipathy, antigen,antibiotic, antidote, antifungal,antidepressantarmweaponarmy, armament, disarm, rearm,armistice, armor, armory, armsaudito hearaudience, auditory, audible,auditorium, audiovisual, audition,audiobook autoselfautomobile, automatic, autograph,autonomous, autoimmune, autopilot,autobiography bethoroughlybedecked, besmirch, besprinkled, begrudge, begrime, belie, bemoan bellwa belligerent, antebellum, bellicose,rebel benegood, wellbenefactor, beneficial, benevolent, benediction, beneficiary, benefit bitwo bicycle, bifocals, biceps, billion, binary, bivalve, bimonthly, bigamy, bimetal, biathlete, bicarbonate biolife, livingbiology, biography, biodiversity, bioavailability, bioflavonoid, biofuel, biohazard, biomass, biorhythmcede, ceed, cessto go, to yieldsucceed, proceed, precede, recede,secession, exceed, succession, excesschrontimechronology, chronic, chronicle,chronometer, anachronism
 
cide, cisto kill, to cutfratricide, suicide, incision, excision,circumcision, precise, concise, precision, homicide, genocide,regicidecircumaroundcircumnavigate, circumflex,circumstance, circumcision,circumference, circumorbital,circumlocution, circumvent,circumscribe, circulatoryclud, clus clausto closeinclude, exclude, clause,claustrophobia, enclose, exclusive,reclusive, conclude, precludecon, comwith, togetherconvene, compress, contemporary,converge, compact, confluence,concatenate, conjoin, combine,convert, compatible, consequence,contractcontra, counteragainst, oppositecontradict, counteract, contravene,contrary, counterspy, contrapuntal,contraband, contraception, contrast,controversy, counterfeit,counterclaim, counterargument,counterclaim, counterpoint,counterrevolutioncredto believecredo, credible, credence, credit,credential, credulity, incredulous,creed, incrediblecommunto sharecommune, community, communism,communicable, communication,commonality, incommunicadocyclcircle, wheelbicycle, cyclical, cycle, encliclical,motorcycle, tricycle, cyclone
General Roots and Prefixes (continued)
Root or PrefixMeaningExamples
defrom, down, awaydetach, deploy, derange, deodorize,devoid, deflate, degenerate, deice,descend, derail, depress, depart,decompose, destructiondei, divGod, goddivinity, divine, deity, divination,deify, deismdemopeopledemocracy, demagogue, epidemic,

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