ISDN protocols are defined in ITU protocols that operates on the Physical, Data Link and Network layer of the OSI model. There are several series of protocols dealing with differentissues:
series defines the use of ISDN on the existing telephone network.
series deals with concepts, aspects, and services.
series covers switching and signaling. The LAPD protocol is formally specified in ITU-TQ.920 and ITU-T Q.921. LAPD is the signaling protocol used on the D-channel in ISDN BRIand PRI.
Configure ISDN BRI and Legacy DDR
Configuring ISDN may seem to be complex but is rather simple in basic situations. Thediagram below shows a typical setup connecting two remote offices using an ISDN dial-upconfiguration.First the ISDN switch type must be configured and should match the carrier's equipment. Youcan use the
command in both global config mode (required) and interfaceconfiguration mode (optional if different per interface). For example:
Router(config)#isdn switch-type basic-dms100
The correct switch type should be supplied by the carrier. Click here for a table at Cisco.comlisting the ISDN BRI service provider switch types. If you change the switch-type, you mustreload the router for the new switch type to take effect.Although ISDN supports several upper-layer protocols such as IP, IPX and Appletalk,typically IP is used and this is also the one relevant to the CCNA exam. Configuring an IPaddress on an ISDN BRI interface is done in the same way as configuring an IP address for any other interface such as Ethernet or Serial:
Router(config)#interface bri 0
(to enter interface config mode)
Router(config-if)#ip address 172.16.22.115 255.255.255.0
Some service providers require the use of SPIDs for your ISDN device to be able to place or receive calls. A SPID is usually the telephone number of the channel with some optionalnumbers which can be used to identity the service(s) the customer is subscribed to. The SPIDnumbering scheme depends on the service provider and the switch-type. For example, theDMS-100 switch type requires a SPID for each B channel.
Router(config-if)#isdn spid1 5055551234 0111
Router(config-if)#isdn spid2 5055551235 0111
(B2 channel)The default encapsulation type for each B-channel is HDLC, however PPP encapsulation isrecommended over HDLC in order to allow the use of CHAP authentication. Theencapsulation type can be configured using the following command in interface configurationmode:
Now to configure the actual part that maps the link to the network layer using the dialer map