Production is a conversion function by which goods and services are produced. A typical production system comprises of three main components:Inputs, Transformation process and Output.(i)
are men, materials, machines, instructions, drawings, and paper work and instructions.(ii)The
involves operations, mechanical or chemical, to Change/convert inputs into outputs. It also includes activitiesthat assist conversion,Typical examples are — •Planning and control of factors of production.•Procurement of materials.•Receipt, storage and issue of materials.•Material handling (to move materials to the point of use.)•Inspection of ill-process and parts.•Assembly and testing of products.•Storage of finished goods.•Instructions, authorizations, inspections, information storage/retrievaletc.(iii)
is goods and services (e.g. products, parts, paper work, servedcustomers etc.