Slovenia was part of the former socialist Yugoslavia until it became an independent republic in 1991, after thebreak-up of Yugoslavia. It is difficult to estimate the number of Slovenes in Australia, as some of them wouldhave identified with other birthplace groups. Nevertheless, the Slovenia-born community is well established inVictoria, and many had arrived in the post World War II period as assisted migrants and refugees.At the 2006 Census, there were 2,513 Slovenia-born persons in Victoria (40.4% of Australia’s total), decreasingby 9.0% from 2,761 persons in 2001. Most (88.8%) of the Slovenia-born in Victoria had arrived in Australia priorto 1986. The small number of recent arrivals was attributed to skilled migration or family reunion. Thecommunity was well distributed throughout metropolitan Melbourne, with slight concentrations in Brimbank(10.2%); Greater Geelong (7.5%); and Moonee Valley (5.6%). A significant proportion (12.1%) lived in regionalVictoria. There were 2,903 persons who identified with Slovak ancestry, including second and later generations.Many of the Slovenia-born also identified with Austrian, German and Croatian ancestries.The Slovenia-born community showed an ageing profile: 30.9% were aged 45-64 years; and 57.2% were aged65 years and over. The median age was 66 years, compared to 37 years for the total Victorian population. Thesex ratio was 102 males to 100 females. Half (50.5%) the Slovenia-born spoke Slovene at home; 5.1% spokeItalian; 4.0% spoke Croatian; and 30.8% spoke English only. Just 5.8% assessed themselves as speaking Englishnot well or not at all. A large proportion (84.7%) of the Slovenia-born community were Western Catholic. Most(94.8%) held Australian Citizenship, compared to 67.5% for the total overseas-born population in Victoria.
Demographic Background: 2006 Census
1 Persons born in Slovenia in Victoria and Australia: 2006, 2001 and 1996 Census
est of Victoria
Compiled by Victorian Multicultural CommissionGPO Box 2392, Melbourne Vic 3001,www.multicultural.vic.gov.au First Edition - February 2008
Includes "No Usual Address, Victoria"
1996-2001% change2006 Census2001 Census1996 Census2001-2006% change