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10 TR-18 SOP Recoltare Pesti

10 TR-18 SOP Recoltare Pesti

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Published by: gheorghe daniela on Mar 12, 2010
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06/18/2013

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IMPLEMENTAREA NOII DIRECTIVE CADRU A APEI INBAZINE PILOT (WAFDIP)
EuropeAid/114902/D/SV/RORO.0107.15.02.01
TR-18PROCEDURA OPERATIONALA STANDARD PENTRUCOLECTARE FAUNA PISCICOLA
ARCADIS Euroconsult (NL)
In asociere cu:
OIEAU (FR)MOTT MACDONALD (UK)ECOTERRA (RO)Autor:
Dr. Grigore Davideanu
Verificare: David W. van Raalten (Project Director)Versiune draft: 30 Mai 2005Versiune finala: 16 August 2005Adresa de contact Romania(Biroul proiectului)Directia Apelor Somes-TisaStr. Vanatorului, 17400213 Cluj-Napoca, Romaniatel/fax: +40 (0) 364 401048Adresa contact contractor principalBeaulieustraat 22PO Box 4416800 AK Arnhem, The Netherlandstel/fax: +31 26 3577 253 / 3577 577www.euroconsult.nl/www.arcadis-global.com 
 
TR-18 Procedura Operationala Standard pentru prelevarea faunei piscicole 2 / 38
 
TR-18 Procedura Operationala Standard pentru prelevarea faunei piscicole 3 / 38
Cuprins
1 Introducere...........................................................................................................................51.1 Cerin
ţ
ele DCA..........................................................................................................51.2 Utilizarea informa
ţ
iei ihtiofaunistice pentru evaluarea calit
ăţ
ii apei, in Romania......61.3 Utilizarea datelor despre pesti in UE........................................................................72 Considera
ţ
ii teoretice privind colectarea pe
ş
tilor în vederea studiului ihtiocenozelor...........92.1 Principii teoretice generale privind metodologia colect
ă
rii în studiile ihtiologice......9
2.1.1 Generalit 
ăţ 
i privind colectarea pe
ş
tilor 
....................................................................92.2 Aspecte biologice in alegerea
ş
i utilizarea instrumentelor de colectare...................9
2.2.1 Când obiectivul studiului este ob
ţ 
inerea de informa
ţ 
ii calitative si semicantitative
.................................................................................................................9
2.2.2 Când obiectivul studiului este aprecierea abunden
ţ 
ei 
....................................10
Captura speciilor diferite
................................................................................................112.3 Aspecte statistice ale alegerii
ş
i utiliz
ă
rii intrumentelor de colectare.....................11
2.3.1
 
Eroarea sistematic 
ă
.......................................................................................12
2.3.2 
 
Varian
ţ 
a
..........................................................................................................122.4 Stabilirea programului de colectare.......................................................................133 Metoda de captur 
ă
prin electronarcoz
ă
..............................................................................153.1 Efectul curentului electric asupra pe
ş
tilor..............................................................153.2 Realizarea pescuitului electric...............................................................................15
3.2.1
 
 Agregatul pentru pescuit electric 
....................................................................153.3 Factorii care influen
ţ
eaz
ă
care influen
ţ
eaz
ă
pescuitul electric...............................163.4 Modul de utilizare al agregatului de pescuit electric..............................................173.5 Avantajele
ş
i dezavantajele pescuitului electric.....................................................18
3.5.1
 
 Avantajele pescuitului electric 
........................................................................18
3.5.2 
 
Dezavantajele pescuitului electric 
..................................................................184 Metodologia colect
ă
rii ihtiofaunei prin pescuit reversibil (electronarcoz
ă
)..........................194.1 Echipamentul.........................................................................................................194.2 Aparatul de pescuit................................................................................................194.3 Protec
ţ
ia muncii.....................................................................................................20
4.3.1
 
 Aspecte generale
...........................................................................................20
4.3.2 
 
ă
suri de siguran
ţă
........................................................................................204.4 Obiectivele pescuitului...........................................................................................21
4.4.1
 
Dimensiunea
ş
i num
ă
rul sta
ţ 
iilor de pescuit 
...................................................214.5 Practica pescuitului reversibil prin electronarcoz
ă
.................................................22
4.5.1
 
Preg 
ă
tirea deplas
ă
rilor include
.......................................................................22
4.5.2 
 
Preg 
ă
tirile la punctul de sta
ţ 
ie
........................................................................22
4.5.3
 
 Activitatea de pescuit 
.....................................................................................22
4.5.4
 
Râurile mici 
....................................................................................................23
4.5.5 
 
Râurile mari 
....................................................................................................234.6 Identificarea
ş
i m
ă
surarea pe
ş
tilor, eliberarea lor..................................................24
4.6.1
 
Generalit 
ăţ 
.....................................................................................................24
4.6.2 
 
Identificarea pe
ş
tilor 
.......................................................................................24
4.6.3
 
ă
sur 
ă
tori 
......................................................................................................24
4.6.4
 
 Anestezice, dezinfectan
ţ 
...............................................................................24
4.6.5 
 
Eliberarea pe
ş
tilor 
..........................................................................................24
4.6.6 
 
Rezultate
........................................................................................................24
4.6.7 
 
Controlul calit 
ăţ 
ii datelor 
.................................................................................25
4.6.8 
 
Înregistrarea datelor 
.......................................................................................25Anexa 1.................................................................................................................................27Anexa 2.................................................................................................................................29Anexa 3.................................................................................................................................31Bibliografie.............................................................................................................................33

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