the name given to the process by which fine powdered materials are blended, pressed into a desired shape
and then heated
ina controlled atmosphere to bond the contacting surfaces of the particles andestablish the desired properties.
it is commonly designated as
it readily lends itself to the mass production of small, intricate parts of high precision, often eliminating the need for additional machining or finishing.
has a little material waste; unusual materials or mixtures can be utilized; andcontrolled degrees of porosity or permeability can be produce.
Major areas of application tend to be those for which the P/M process has strong economicaladvantage or where the desired properties and characteristics would be difficult to obtain byany other method.
Early 3000 B.C.
– a crude form of powder metallurgy appears to have existedin
Mid- or Late 19
– the mass production of P/M products begin
– powder metallurgy was used to produce copper coins andmedallions, platinum ingots, and tungsten wires, the primary material for light bulb filaments
– tungsten carbide cutting-tool tips and nonferrous bushings were produced. Other early products were self-lubricating bearings and metallicfilters
After World War II
– a period of rapid technological development occurredwhich are based primarily on automotive applications,
and iron and steel replaced copper as the dominant P/M material.
–aerospace and nuclear developments created accelerated demand for refractory and reactive materials, where P/M processing is quite attractive.
– full-density products emerged.