Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Standard view
Full view
of .
Add note
Save to My Library
Sync to mobile
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Powder Metallurgy

Powder Metallurgy

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3,045|Likes:
Published by pankajsinghbaghel

More info:

Published by: pankajsinghbaghel on Mar 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, DOC, TXT or read online from Scribd
See More
See less





Powder Metallurgy
the name given to the process by which fine powdered materials are blended, pressed into a desired shape
and then heated
ina controlled atmosphere to bond the contacting surfaces of the particles andestablish the desired properties.
it is commonly designated as
it readily lends itself to the mass production of small, intricate parts of high precision, often eliminating the need for additional machining or finishing.
has a little material waste; unusual materials or mixtures can be utilized; andcontrolled degrees of porosity or permeability can be produce.
Major areas of application tend to be those for which the P/M process has strong economicaladvantage or where the desired properties and characteristics would be difficult to obtain byany other method.
Background/history :
Early 3000 B.C.
– a crude form of powder metallurgy appears to have existedin
Mid- or Late 19
the mass production of P/M products begin
Early 20
powder metallurgy was used to produce copper coins andmedallions, platinum ingots, and tungsten wires, the primary material for light bulb filaments
tungsten carbide cutting-tool tips and nonferrous bushings were produced. Other early products were self-lubricating bearings and metallicfilters
After World War II
– a period of rapid technological development occurredwhich are based primarily on automotive applications,
and iron and steel replaced copper as the dominant P/M material.
 aerospace and nuclear developments created accelerated demand forefractory and reactive materials, where P/M processing is quite attractive.
 – full-density products emerged.
high-performance superalloy components, such as aircraft turbineengine parts
– the commercialization of rapidly–solidified and amorphous powdersand the development of P/M injection molding technology
Recent years have been ones rapid development and growth for the P/M industry :
From 1960-1980 – the consumption of iron powder increased tenfoldFrom 1980-1990 – the similar increase as the past years occurred and this exponential growthcontinues
P/M has become a proven method of parts production and is now considered as analternative in the manufacture of many components.
The automotive applications account for nearly 75% of the powder metallurgy market.
Other Areas where Powder Metallurgy Products are used extensively:
Household appliances
Recreational equipment
Hand tools
Hardware items
Business machines
Industrial motors
Areas of Rapid Growth :
Aerospace applications
Advanced composites
Electronic components
Magnetic materials
Metalworking tools
A variety of biomedical and dental applications
High-volume Materials :
Stainless steel
High-strength and high-alloy steels
Aluminum alloys
4 Basic Steps of Powder Metallurgy :
1.Powder Manufacture2.Mixing or Blending3.Compacting4.Sintering
Optional Secondary processing often follows to obtain special properties or enhanced precision.
Flowchart of the Powder Metallurgy Process :
Elemental or alloymetal powdersAdditives(lubricants or binders)BlendingDie CompactingSinteringFinished P/M productOptional SecondaryFinishingOptional SecondaryManufacturing

Activity (63)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
motuandgolu liked this
Ashok Pradhan liked this
Ashok Pradhan liked this
engar5208 liked this
Pawan Pawar liked this
Vvarchana Sunil liked this
vijayang liked this
vijayang liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->