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Micologia General Ida Des- Micosis Superficiales[1]

Micologia General Ida Des- Micosis Superficiales[1]

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Published by Katherine Roman
generalidades de micosis
generalidades de micosis

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Katherine Roman on Mar 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/13/2012

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MsC
.
Manuela LujánVelásquez
 
CARACTERISTICAS GENERALES DE LOSHONGOS
Organismoseucariotas
No presentan clorofila
Heterotrofos
Aerobios
Pared celular : quitina,celulosa o ambas
Algunos poseencapsula (Cryptococcusneoformans)
Crecen a : pH acidos ,temperatura de 28 a 37ºC
Metabolismo :
Metabolitos 1rios:Acidos, etanol
Metabolitos 2darios:alfa amanitina,aflatoxina, antibioticos
Reproducción: asexualy sexual. ( esporas )
 
HONGOS
 
Los hongos pueden dividirse en dos categoriasmorfológicas básicas :
Levaduras
Unicelulares
Reproducción asexuadapor gemación medianteblastoconidios(blastosporas) o fisión
Comprenden levaduras yformas levaduriformes
Mohos
Multicelulares
Poseen filamentos tubulares Hifas
Hifas: cenocíticaso tabicadas
Conjunto de hifas=Micelio
Hifas vegetativas= hifas que crecensumergidos o sobre la superficie delmedio de cultivo
Hifas aéreas: por encima de lasuperficie del medio
Presentan Crecimiento apical

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