THE BASAL GANGLIA
Mediate postural tone
1.Corpus striatum – caudate and putamen
Caudate acts as gatekeeper to allow themotor system to perform only those acts thatare goal-directed. Studies correlateddecreased activation of caudate with OCbehavior, Tics and Tourette’s disorder.2.Globus pallidus - receives input from thecorpus striatum and projects fibers to thethalamus. This is damaged in Wilson’sdisease and carbon monoxide poisoning,resulting in dystonic posturing and flappingmovements of arms and legs.3.Substantia nigra – degenerates in Parkinson’sdisease4.Subthalamic nucleus – yield ballisticmovements, sudden limb jerks.