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Diode Working

Diode Working

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Published by ashish19183

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: ashish19183 on Mar 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/08/2010

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Diode Circuits
 
The PN Junction and the Diode Effect
Initially both semiconductors are totally neutral. The concentration of positive and negativecarriers are quite different on opposite sides of the junction and the thermal energy-powereddiffusion of positive carriers into the N-type material and negative carriers into the P-type materialoccurs. The N-type material acquires an excess of positive charge near the junction and the P-typematerial acquires an excess of negative charge. Eventually diffuse charges build up and an electricfield is created which drives the minority charges and eventually equilibrium is reached. A regiondevelops at the junction called the
depletion region
. This region is essentially un-doped or justintrinsic silicon.To complete the diode conductor, leads are placed at the ends of the PN junction.
 
Current in the Diode
The behaviour of a diode depends on its polarity in the circuit (figure
 
2). If the diode is
reverse biased 
(positive potential on N-type material) the depletion region increases. Theonly charge carriers able to support a net current across the PN junction are the minoritycarriers and hence the reverse current is very small. A
 forward-biased 
diode (positivepotential on P-type material) has a decreased depletion region; the majority carriers candiffuse across the junction. The voltage may become high enough to eliminate the depletionregion entirely.
Figure 2:
Diode circuit connections: a) reversed biased and b) forward biased.

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