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Personality Assessment

Personality Assessment

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Published by: Prasanth Kurien Mathew on Mar 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/07/2012

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PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
-
 
Personality is tested or measured in many situations. Industry and the militaryservices, for example, often select persons on the basis of personality test results.-
 
Who seeks psychotherapy may be given personality tests to identify his problems.-
 
Personality assessment techniques are also used in mental hospitals and clinics to aidin diagnosis and to measure improvement after treatment.-
 
Assessment methods used depends upon the purpose of the assessment.-
 
2 types:
o
 
Objective assessment:
 
if it produces results that fall into well-defined categories or scorevalues
 
Little or no interpretation is required when an objective procedure isused.
o
 
Subjective assessment:
 
Requires the assessor to make a judgment.-
 
Main methods are
o
 
Interviews
o
 
rating scales
o
 
projective techniques
THE INTERVIEW
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An interviewer must be both objective and skilled-
 
most commonly used method of personality assessment-
 
Interviews are subjective assessments-
 
In a standardized situation the interviewer asks questions that are prepared in advance.This is less subjective-
 
But even in two standardized situations with identical questions a subject may givedifferent replies to two interviewers. He may regard one as friendly because of histone of voice and the other as hostile because of the way he looks. Therefore,personality assessments based on interviews are not very reliable.-
 
may also be used to probe the deepest areas of an individual's personality
RATING SCALES
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Rating scales are particularly sensitive to a reviewer's overall impression-
 
A rating scale is a quantitative technique for making a judgment about some aspect of personality.E.g. a nursery-school teacher may be asked to check along the following lineto rate each child for cooperativeness.-
 
they are easy to use and provide rough data readily|_______________|_________________|__________________|_________________|
Very Uncooperative Usually Uncooperative Sometimes Cooperative Usually Cooperative Very Cooperative

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