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Short Answer Type

Short Answer Type

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Published by: Prasanth Kurien Mathew on Mar 13, 2010
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02/07/2012

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SHORT ANSWER TYPE
 
Short-answer items can be answered by a word, phrase, or number.
 
The two types of short-answer items
o
 
Question type
(students answer a question in a few words or phrases)
o
 
Completion type
—also referred to as fill-in-the blank (consist of a statementwith a key word or words missing; students fill in the blank to complete it or ask students to perform a calculation and record the answer, or to order a list of responses.)
 
Are useful for measuring student ability to interpret data, use formulas correctly,complete calculations, and solve mathematical-type problems.
 
Items may ask students to label a diagram, name anatomical parts, identify variousinstruments, and label other types of drawings, photographs, and the like.
Writing Short-Answer Items
Suggestions for developing short-answer items are as follows:
 
Questions and statements should not be taken verbatim from textbooks, other readings,and lecture notes.
 
Phrase the item so that a unique word, series of words, or number must be supplied tocomplete it
 
Write questions that are specific and can be answered in a few words, phrases, or shortsentences.
 
Before writing the item, think of the correct answer first and then write a question orstatement for that answer
 
Fill-in-the-blank items requiring calculations and solving mathematical- type problemsshould include in the statement the type of answer and degree of specificity desired,
 
For a statement with a key word or words missing, place the blank at the end of thestatement
 
When students need to write longer answers, provide for sufficient space or use aseparate answer sheet
 
Even though a blank space is placed at the end of the statement, the teacher may directthe student to record one-word answers in blanks arranged in a column to the left or rightof the items, thereby facilitating scoring.
Advantages
1.
 
Short answer test is to construct them as they measure only simple learning.2.
 
It is useful in evaluating the ability to interpret diagrams, charts and graphs.3.
 
Marking is relatively objective as compared with essay type of question.4.
 
Little scope for the influence of handwriting and spelling.

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