GRAFICO 21. CLASSIFICATION OF LEARNING STRATEGIES IN THE FIELDACADEMIC.
We have identified five general types of strategies in education. The firstthree help students to develop and organize content for easier learning(process information), the fourth is aimed at controlling mental activity todirect student learning and, finally, the fifth support Learning for itsoccurrence in the best possible conditions.
Testing Strategies.Are those that actively involves the repetition of content (say, writing), orfocus on key parts of it. Examples:• Repeat aloud words, mnemonics, copy the material object of learning,taking notes verbatim, emphasis.
Strategies developed. They involve making connections between newand familiar. For example:• Paraphrase, summarize, create analogies, take notes, not literal, answerquestions (those listed in the text or the student can be formulated),describe how it relates new information to existing knowledge.
Organization strategies.Group information to make it easier to remember. They involve imposingstructure on learning content, dividing it into parts and identifyingrelationships and hierarchies. They include examples like:• Summarize a text, outline, underline, overview, semantic network,concept map, ordered tree.
Control strategies for understandingThese strategies are linked to Metacognition. Involved remain aware of what isis trying to achieve, keep track of the strategies used and the success withthem and adjust behavior accordingly.If we used the metaphor to compare the mind with a computer, thesestrategies serve as a central processor computer. They are a supervisor of the action and students' thinking, and are characterized by a high level of awareness and voluntary control.Among the metacognitive strategies are: planning, regulation andevaluation