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How Tower Cranes Work

How Tower Cranes Work

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Published by: api-26480892 on Mar 13, 2010
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12/30/2013

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CONSOLIDATED - DECKRANEwww.deckrane.com
How TOWER CRANES Work 
Tower cranes are a common fixture at any major construction site. They re pretty hard to miss..they often rise hundreds of feet into the air, and can reach out just as far. The construction crewuses the tower crane to lift steel, concrete, large tools - like acetylene torches and generators, anda wide variety of other building materials.When you look at oneof these cranes, what itcan do seems nearlyimpossible: Whydoesn t it tip over?How can such a long boom lift so muchweight? How is it ableto grow taller as the building grows taller?If you have ever wondered about howtower cranes work,then this article is for you. Here, you will findout the answers to allof these questions andmore!
Parts of a Tower Crane
All tower cranes consist of the same basic parts:
1.
The
base
is bolted to a large concrete pad that supports the crane.
2.
The base connects to the
mast
(or 
tower
), which gives the tower crane its height.
3.
Attached to the top of the mast is the
slewing unit
(large ring-gear and motor) that allows thecrane to rotate.
4.
Attached to the slewing unit is the
 jib
(or boom), the
machinery arm
, the
counterweights5.
and, the
Operators Cab
 
CONSOLIDATED - DECKRANEwww.deckrane.com
On top of the
slewing unit
are three parts:
1)
The long horizontal
 jib
(or 
workingarm
), which is the portion of thecrane that carries the load. A trolleyruns along the jib to move the load inand out from the crane s center:
2)
The shorter horizontal
machinery arm
, which contains thecranes motors and electronics as well as the large concrete
counterweights
:
 
CONSOLIDATED - DECKRANEwww.deckrane.com
The
machinery arm
contains the
winch motor
that lifts the load, alongwith the control electronics that drive itand the cable drum, as shown here:The
motors
that drive the slewing unitare located above the unit s largerotational gear:

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