Pyu are Tibeto-Burman, closely related to the Burman.The Pyu are dominated by the Nan Chao who sent the Pyu delegation to the Chinese Emperor who likedthe Pyu Dances. The Pyu Dance and Music are well recorded by the Tang Dynasty. The Nan Chaodestroyed the Pyu City, probably Halin (Later research points to Sri Kestra), in 1832 and ended the PyuReign. The Nan Chao took away 3000 Pyu whose remnants may be still seen in China living as destitutefishermen.(GH Luce. The Ancinet Pyu. JBRS, XXVII, iii, pp 239-253 and BRSFAP, I, 307-322 translated by Dr ThanTun to Burmese, retranslated in gist by Dr Maung Maung Nyo to English.)
The Pyu According to the Burmese Chronicles (Classic Histories)
From the study of the Pyu insciptions it may be inferred that the Pyu language has no consonants and has8 syllables. It is a Tibet-Burman language, close to the Burmese. (Tin in General Linguistics.)The Pyu has different names. They called themselves Tu Lao Kyu , Chinese called them Piaou. Javanscalled them Ku Li Chu. The Persian called them Tirsul or Tir Cul. Kyanzittha Palace Inscriptions mentionedthem as Tircul. They had been in Burma since the 3rd century AD. A Hanlin Inscription of Pyu indicates thePyu script resembles the Southern Indian Script.The Sri Kestra Inscriptions indicate there are two Pyu kings- Harivikrama and Zayachandrawikrama. Theyare contemporary kings in Sri Kestra. Hariwikrama founded the city. This city is still extant although ruined.It's circular in shape. It has many Pyu pagodas or stupas. The Bawbawgyi Pagoda or Stupa is still visibleand it is bell shape. There are many Pyu coins with Hindu symbols.The Buddhist votive tablets are alsofound. The Pyu have relations with China (Yunnan) and India. The Pala have relations with the Pyu.
The Pyu City That Was Destroyed
It is stated that the Nan Chao destroyed the Pyu City in AD 1832. Professor Luce and older historiansthought it was Halin. However, Dr Than Tun now thinks it was Sri Kestra, not Halin. It's because if the NanChao had destroyed the city why would the Pyu go north to establish another city nearer to the enemy. InAD 763-764, the Nan-Chao King Ko Lo Peng has overtaken the Upper Irrawaddy Basin or Upper Burma.So the Pyu city destroyed must be Sri Kestra and the Pyu moved north.As the carbon dating has become available in 1993 I (Dr Than Tun) would like to change the datesconcerning Sri Kestra.(1) That Sri Kestra is established in AD 638 is impossible.(2) I also do not agree it is established in 1st century AD.(3) I like to alter the dates of Vikramas too:(a) Suriavikrama (Regnal years 63-688)(b) Hirivikrama (r 688-695)(3) Sihavikrama(695-718)
The Pyu Foreign Relations
The so-called Pyu coins are found in Sri Kstra, Halin , Shan State, Kayah State, Thailand and Kampuchea.The symbols are Hindi indicating sun, moon, conch, trident, sriwisra, geha etc. These coins are used from2nd century BC to 14th Century AD. They are now known to be minted by the Cambodian Kings. TheBurmese called the old Cambodians Kwan or Gwan.The Pyu State extends as follows:East... Chenla (Kampuchea or Cambodia)South... Bay of BengalWest... IndiaNorth...Yung Chan or Pao-Shan