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Simple Machines Lesson Plan

Simple Machines Lesson Plan

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Published by: susie_hilton8332 on Mar 14, 2010
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Susie Hilton
Lesson Plan Outline
Simple Machines
Length of Lesson (35 minutes)
VA Standards of Learning: Physical Science 3.3
The Student will investigate and understand simple machines and their uses. Keyconcepts include: types of simple machines (lever, screw, pulley, wheel and axle,inclined plane, and wedge), how simple machines function, examples of simplemachines found in the school, home and work environment.
 Learning Objectives
Students will…
Identify the six simple machines
Describe how simple machines operate
Define the six simple machines
Locate simple machines around school and home
Teaching and Learning Sequence
 Introduction/Anticipatory Set 
Ask Ss which animal they think is the biggest at the zoo. Then ask them to imagine thatthe animal is sick and has to be moved. Ask Ss how they would move the animal from itscage.
Ss will give many ideas, after a minute or two highlight that some Ss suggested the use of a machine to help move the animal.
“I pledge that I have neither given nor received unauthorized assistance during the completion of this work.”
Susie Hilton
Ask Ss what they think of when they hear the word machine. Ask them why we usemachines and lead them to the answer machines make work easier.
Give one S the paint can and ask him/her to take the lid off. As the S struggles ask other Ss to give suggestions so help him/her. Wait until someone asks for a screwdriver or something like that…someone will since many of them have seen their parents pry the lidoff paint cans before.
Tell Ss there are many types of machines and some are very complex and some aresimple machines. Today we are going to talk about simple machines.
Ask Ss if they know what a simple machine is.
Give them a hint by telling them that they used one in class just a moment ago.
Simple machine- a machine made up of one or more parts that make work easier 
Show them the screw driver and ask them how it made their work easier.
 Lesson Development 
Give each S a
 Definition Worksheet 
As the T defines the simple machine Ss shouldfill in the blanks on their worksheets
Tell Ss that there are six types of simple machines.
Take out a ruler and spool of thread and use this to explain lever. As you put together the lever define it. A lever is a board (hold up the ruler) and a fulcrum. A fulcrum iswhat the board rests on; in this case we will use this spool of thread (hold up thespool). Show students that by placing the ruler on top of the spool of thread we createa lever. Ask them for a couple of examples of other levels. (Seesaw, hammer,crowbar)
“I pledge that I have neither given nor received unauthorized assistance during the completion of this work.”
Susie Hilton
An inclined plane is a flat surface that is higher on one end. Use two books to makean inclined plane. Ask Ss to provide some examples. (ramp, path up a hill, slide)
A wheel and axle- an axle is a rod that goes through the wheel. This lets the wheelturn. Use a toy wheel to demonstrate. Take it apart before the demonstration and putit together pointing out that the metal piece is the axle and the wheel moves aroundthe axle. Ask for examples of things that have a wheel and axle (cars, bikes, roller skates, wagons, doorknobs)
A Screw is a simple machine made from another simple machine. Give a student ascrew and ask them if they can tell you which two simple machines make up a screw.Explain to students that a screw starts out like a nail which is a wedge. It is aninclined plane that winds around the nail. Tell Ss that some screws are used to lower and raise things, while others hold things together. Ask Ss to provide examples (jar lids, light bulbs, stools, clamps, key ring
Give students a plastic axe and ask them which type of simple machine it is. Most of them will look back to their worksheets and decide it must be an inclined plane. TellSs it is actually two inclined planes back to back and this forms a wedge.
A wedge is made of 2 inclined planes. Tell Ss it is used to push two objects apart.Ask Ss for examples. (axe, knife, fork, nail, hull of a boat)
A pulley is made up of a wheel and a rope. The rope fits on the groove of the wheel.One part of rope is attached to the load. When you pull on one side of the pulley thewheel turns and the load moves. You can move things up and down or side to side.Pulleys make moving heavy things much easier. Ask Ss where they have seen a pulley. (on a boat to lower and raise the sails, flag pole, clothesline, crane
“I pledge that I have neither given nor received unauthorized assistance during the completion of this work.”

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