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Small Wind electric systems

Small Wind electric systems

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Published by sebascian

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Published by: sebascian on Mar 14, 2010
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10/30/2012

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Small Wind Electric Systems
 A Long Island Consumer’s Guide
 
Small Wind Electric Systems
Introduction
Can I use wind energy to power my home?This question is being asked across the coun-try as more people look for affordable andreliable sources ofelectricity.Small wind electric systems can make a sig-nificant contribution to our nation’s energyneeds.Although wind turbines large enoughto provide a significant portion ofthe electric-ity needed by the average U.S.home generallyrequire one acre ofproperty or more,approxi-mately 21 million U.S.homes are built on one-acre and larger sites,and 24% ofthe U.S.pop-ulation lives in rural areas.A small wind electric system will work for youif:There is enough wind where you liveLocal zoning permits tall towers in yourneighborhoodYou have enough spaceYou can determine how much electricityyou need or want to produceIt works for you economically.The purpose ofthis guide is to provide youwith the basic information about small windelectric systems to help you decide ifwindenergy will work for you.
Why Should I Choose Wind?
Wind energy systems are one ofthe mostcost-effective home-based renewable energysystems.Depending on your wind resource,asmall wind energy system can lower yourelectricity bill by 50% to 90%,help you avoidthe high costs ofextending utility power linesto remote locations,prevent power interrup-tions,ifcombined with a battery back –upsystem,and it is nonpolluting.
Contents
Introduction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1Why Should I Choose Wind? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1How Do Wind Turbines Work? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
First,How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4I
s Wind Energy Practical for Me? .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5Zoning Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
What are the Basic Parts ofa Small Wind Electric System?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
What Do Wind Systems Cost?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Things to Consider When Purchasing a Wind Turbine
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
How Much Energy Will My System Generate?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Is There Enough Wind on My Site? .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid?
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13Net Metering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14Safety Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Glossary ofTerms
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
For More Information
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
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