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Radio Frequency Filter Design: VHF Bandpass filter using discrete components and distributed elements.

Radio Frequency Filter Design: VHF Bandpass filter using discrete components and distributed elements.

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Published by Cocog88
This documents explain the fundamentals of building and developing from scratch a RF filter using a very quick method. It provides simulation results utilizing CAD tools such as MATLAB and Pspice. Also compares results using distributed elements (stubs) and discrete elements.
If you need to develop a BP VHF filter this report should help you very much. Post replies if you have doubts or feel something is not right.
Enjoy
This documents explain the fundamentals of building and developing from scratch a RF filter using a very quick method. It provides simulation results utilizing CAD tools such as MATLAB and Pspice. Also compares results using distributed elements (stubs) and discrete elements.
If you need to develop a BP VHF filter this report should help you very much. Post replies if you have doubts or feel something is not right.
Enjoy

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Published by: Cocog88 on Mar 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/14/2013

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Radio Frequency Filter Design: Use of discrete elements and stubs
Table of Contents
Introduction........................................................................................................................pg 2Theory..................................................................................................................................pg 3 Analysis of the Circuit..........................................................................................................pg 5Design calculations...............................................................................................................pg 11Simulations...........................................................................................................................pg 16 Analysis of Results................................................................................................................pg 21Conclusions...........................................................................................................................pg 22Comments.............................................................................................................................pg 23Bibliography..........................................................................................................................pg 24
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Radio Frequency Filter Design: Use of discrete elements and stubs
Introduction
In this report we will cover the basics in the developing a VHF (very high frequency) bandpassfilter used in RF (radio frequency) electronics. The report provides the user with a brief explanation of  what a bandpass filter is and its characteristics. We proceed to detailing the general mathematicalprocedure that must be done in order to create a bandpass filter that meets a required set of parameters. To prove such design we illustrate the result of the bandpass filter design utilizing thefrequency response of the filter. CAD (Computer Aided Design) tools such as MATLAB and OrcadPspice are used to illustrate the frequency response and check if the desired parameters are met.Finally an analysis of such results is provided in order to instruct readers on what may have gone wrong and why, in order to provide the reader with a valid explanation and solution.
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Radio Frequency Filter Design: Use of discrete elements and stubs
Theory 
 A band-pass filter is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects(attenuates) frequencies outside that range. An example of an analogue electronic band-pass filter isan RLC circuit (a resistor–inductor–capacitor circuit).An ideal bandpass filter would have acompletely flat passband (e.g. with no gain/attenuation throughout) and would completely attenuateall frequencies outside the passband. Additionally, the transition out of the passband would be instantaneous in frequency. Inpractice, no bandpass filter is ideal. The filter does not attenuate all frequencies outside the desiredfrequency range completely; in particular, there is a region just outside the intended passband wherefrequencies are attenuated, but not rejected. This is known as the filter roll-off, and it is usually expressed in dB of attenuation per octave or decade of frequency. Generally, the design of a filter seeksto make the roll-off as narrow as possible, thus allowing the filter to perform as close as possible to itsintended design. Often, this is achieved at the expense of pass-band or stop-band ripple.The bandwidth of the filter is simply the difference between the upper and lower cutoff frequencies.The shape factor is the ratio of bandwidths measured using two different attenuation values to
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I
llustration 1: An ideal Low Pass filter.

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