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evaluation of biomass combustion

evaluation of biomass combustion

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04/26/2012

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Evaluation of Biomass Combustion basedEnergy Systems by Cumulative EnergyDemand and Energy Yield Coefficient
Thomas Nussbaumer Michael Oser VerenumCH – 8006 ZurichSwitzerlandFinal report prepared for 
International Energy Agency (IEA)BioenergyTask 32: Biomass Combustion and Co-firing
and
Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE)
ISBN 3-908705-07-X
 
Thomas Nussbaumer, Michael Oser: Evaluation of Biomass Combus-tion based Energy Systems by Cumulative Energy Demand and EnergyYield Coefficient, International Energy Agency IEA Bioenergy Task 32 andSwiss Federal Office of Energy, Verenum press, Version 1.0, Zurich,January 2004ISBN 3-908705-07-XCopyright © Verenum (Switzerland) 2004Download:www.ieabcc.nl
 
3
Content
1 Abstract.........................................................................................52 Executive Summary.....................................................................7
2.1 Methodology...................................................................................................72.2 Results and Conclusions................................................................................8
3 Introduction.................................................................................134 Aim...............................................................................................165 Methodology and Definitions....................................................17
5.1 Scenarios for heat production.......................................................................175.2 Scenarios for power production and co-firing...............................................185.3 Cumulative Energy Demand (CED)..............................................................195.4 Cumulative Energy Production (CEP)..........................................................215.5 Specific Cumulative Energy Demand (ced)..................................................225.6 CED* and CEP* as time equivalents............................................................225.7 Energy Yield Coefficient (EYC) ....................................................................225.8 Energy Payback Time (t
P
) ............................................................................235.9 Visualisation as function of time...................................................................235.10 Additional Definitions and Assumptions .......................................................265.11 Scenarios.....................................................................................................27
6 Results for Reference Case
ex
= 2.5........................................30
6.1 Influence of plant efficiency on ced ..............................................................306.2 Comparison of different energy systems by ced, EYC, and t
P
......................326.3 Influence of the transport distance ...............................................................356.4 Comparison with literature data....................................................................36
7 Results for
ex
= 1.......................................................................38
7.1 CED as function of efficiency........................................................................387.2 ced, EYC, and t
P
...........................................................................................39
8 Results for
ex
= 5.......................................................................40
8.1 CED as function of efficiency........................................................................408.2 ced, EYC, and t
P
...........................................................................................41
9 Outlook........................................................................................4310 List of Symbols...........................................................................4511 Literature.....................................................................................47

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