Application of spectral decomposition seismic attribute foridentification geological characteristics
Mohammad Reza Saadati Nejad
, Hosein Hasani
, Mojtaba MohammadoKhorasani
, Abdolrahim Javaherian
and Mohammad Reza Sokooti
Faculty of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran,
National Iranian Oil Company, Exploration Directorate,Geophysics Dept., Tehran,
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, P. O. Box14155-6466, Tehran.firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Seismic interpretation in principal tries to find any small changes, as subtlestratigraphic plays and areas of low-relief faulting. Looking at the amplitude of reflections at particular frequencies may be helpful to see more clearly features which may not be seenfrom a fixed map view. Spectral decomposition breaks the seismic signal into its frequencycomponents. This title refers to methods produces frequency spectrum of each sample of seismic trace. The method includes variety of algorithms, continues wavelet transform (CWT)and Fast Fourier transform (FFT) are most common in exploration.Although work is not the first attempt to translate attributes to, but an effort to visualizegeological features in presence of reef structure in Sarvak, directly from geophysical data.The results from spectral decomposition display of 3D seismic data enable interpretation of seismic data very fast and effective in comparison with standard interpretation have done in previous works.
Usually conventional seismic and their attributes are used to interpret the geophysical data tothe geology. Data contains wide range of frequencies sometimes could hide a particular eventthat is trying to be detected. Spectral decomposition is a quick and effective method that gives better definition to determine stratigraphic architecture and structural features.Seismic interpretation in principal disciplines tries to find seismic geomorphology. To studyany small changes, especially subtle stratigraphic plays or areas of low-relief faulting, in itmay be helpful to look at the amplitude of reflections at particular frequencies. With thistechnique it is possible to analyze independently each frequency revealing features that werehidden before, to see more clearly features which may not be seen from a fixed map view.Since time-frequency mapping is a non-unique process, there exist various time-frequencyanalysis methods. The first and widely used method is the short-time Fourier transform(STFT) in which a time-frequency spectrum is produced by taking the Fourier transform over a short time window (Cohen, 1995).The continuous wavelet transform (CWT) provides represents the frequency band from scaledwavelet, has an advantage as does not relate to a fix window.The target carbonate formation has with two major fancies, a massive limestone containingRudists the other is deeper water fancies of thinner bedded limestone. According to analogyreefs occur in the first layer in the area, but absence of wells data is a problem to reach theformation directly. This paper tries to evaluate geophysical this potential.
The study is performed on 3D seismic data; the wells did not touch the target formation in theinterested area (Figure1). The seismic data was not high frequency and post stack bandlimited filtering and scaling was performed in processing sequence. Therefore data was notideal for such studies. In order to evaluate presence of this reef according to temporalthickness, both FFT and CWT were applied to data as each one has advantages. The Time
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